SURZHIK D.V., BURNOK S.O., LEVIN Ya.A. The Siege of Leningrad in Estimates of the Press of the USA

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2019.1.10

Dmitriy V. Surzhik

Candidate of Sciences (History), Senior Researcher,

Institute of World History, RAS,

Prosp. Leninsky, 32a, 119334 Moscow, Russian Federation

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4865-6821

Sergey O. Buranok

Doctor of of Sciences (History), Professor,

Department of World History, Law and Teaching Methods,

Samara State University of Social Sciences and Education,

Maksima Gorkogo St., 65/67, 443099 Samara, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8307-9428

Yaroslav A. Levin

Candidate of Sciences (History), Junior Researcher,

Department of World History, Law and Teaching Methods,

Samara State University of Social Sciences and Education,

Maksima Gorkogo St., 65/67, 443099 Samara, Russian Federation

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8805-8220


Abstract. Introduction. In article the analysis of estimates of the American press of the Siege of Leningrad is given.

Methods and materials. The authors used the theoretical concepts developed within modern political and historical science. The paper is based on materials of both democratic and republican editions of the U.S. press. Problematic and chronological approach became the methodological basis of the research.

Analysis. It is noted that the image of Leningrad passed several stages of development in the American media. Right at the beginning, the American press was more interested in Leningrad front and fights. However, very quickly the attention is reoriented on the city. The heroism of its defenders and ordinary inhabitants is emphasized that influences growth of positive perception of the Red Army. It is noted that the subject of the Siege of Leningrad developed in line with the general growth of interest in the Great Patriotic War in the American media and society.

Results. The authors draw conclusions that consecration of the Siege of Leningrad by the American press positively promoted the general growth of trust of Americans to the Soviet Union. Besides, the subject of the Siege of Leningrad and in general “the fighting Russia” became an important link in work of administration of Roosevelt with media for the purpose of strengthening of the American consciousness and patriotism in wartime.

Key words: The Siege of Leningrad, U.S. press, public opinion, The Western Front, The Leningrad Front,
Great Patriotic War.

Citation. Surzhik D.V., Buranok S.O., Levin Ya.A. The Siege of Leningrad in Estimates of the Press of the USA. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4, Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2019, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 123-129. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2019.1.10.

Лицензия Creative Commons

The Siege of Leningrad in Estimates of the Press of the USA by Surzhik D.V., Buranok S.O., Levin Ya.A. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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