EPIFANOV A.E., KRASNOZHENOVA E.E. Organization and Holding Sanitary and Epidemiological Measures in Stalingrad and Separate Districts of the Stalingrad Region (1942–1943)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2023.1.15

Alexander Y. Epifanov

Doctor of Sciences (Jurisprudence), Professor,

Department of Law, Institute of Economics, Management and Law, Moscow City University,

Novokuznetskaya St, 16, Bld.10, 119017 Moscow, Russian Federation;

Chief Researcher,

Department for the Study of Historical Problems of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia of the Research Center of the Academy of Management of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia,

Zoyi i Alexandra Kosmodemyanskikh St, 8, 125171 Moscow, Russian Federation

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5686-5770

Elena E. Krasnozhenova

Doctor of Sciences (History), Professor,

Peter the Great Saint Petersburg Polytechnic University,

Politekhnicheskaya St, 29, 195251 Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1679-8590


Abstract. Introduction. The victory at Stalingrad was secured not just by actions on the fronts. An important role was played by social activities, including health care for the population and the army and the fight against epidemics. Despite this, not all areas of sanitary and anti-epidemic work carried out in Stalingrad have been studied comprehensively.

Methods and materials. The source base for the study was archival materials stored in the central and Volgograd regional archives. Among them are the documents of the central and regional state authorities on the sanitary condition in Stalingrad and the epidemic measures being carried out in it. In the work on the article, comparative-historical and statistical methods, the method of source study, structural-diachronic and system analysis were used.

Analysis. In the frontline and liberated from occupation areas of the Stalingrad region, an extremely unfavorable sanitary condition was noted. This inevitably led to the spread of infectious diseases – cholera, tularemia, typhoid and typhus, malaria – and caused the need for urgent anti-epidemic measures. Sanitary clearing of the city, cleaning and burial of corpses, restoration of water supply, expansion of the network of medical institutions, provision of baths and deodorant chambers, mass sanitation and immunization of the population, organization of soap production in the region were considered as priorities. The work of emergency anti-epidemic commissions was restored.

Results. The anti-epidemic measures implemented in Stalingrad during the war made it possible to prevent the spread of acute infectious epidemic diseases.

Key words: The Great Patriotic War, Stalingrad, sanitary and epidemiological work, epidemics, infectious diseases, civilian population.

Citation. Epifanov A.Y., Krasnozhenova E.E. Organization and Holding Sanitary and Epidemiological Measures in Stalingrad and Separate Districts of the Stalingrad Region (1942–1943). Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4. Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2023, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 162-174. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2023.1.15.

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Organization and Holding Sanitary and Epidemiological Measures in Stalingrad and Separate Districts of the Stalingrad Region (1942–1943) by Epifanov A.E., Krasnozhenova E.E. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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