KARADZHE T.V., CHAN Thi Mi Ngoc. Women’s Participation in the State Authorities of Modern Vietnam: Problems and Prospects

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2022.5.14

Tatyana V. Karadzhe

Doctor of Sciences (Philosophy), Professor, Head of the Department of Political Science,

Moscow State Pedagogical University,

Prosp. Vernadskogo, 88, 119571 Moscow, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4297-7744

Chan Thi Mi Ngoc

Lecturer, Department of Law, Quang Binh University,

Dong Hoi, 312, Vietnam

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8897-3004


Abstract. Introduction. The purpose of this work is to study the gender aspect of Vietnam’s public policy, to identify the real picture of women’s political participation in the public administration system of modern Vietnam. The methodological basis is an interdisciplinary approach that allowed us to consider the evolution of Vietnam’s gender policy, the peculiarities of gender stereotypes of Vietnamese culture, to analyze the documentary base, which included the decisions of the Communist Party of Vietnam on gender equality and the advancement of women (No. 178 / Decision-TTg), the scientific project “Women in public administration today – 2020”; statistical data of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Vietnam, the National Action Plan for Sustainable Development for the period up to 2030 (No. 622 / QD-TTg).

Analysis. The historical and religious causes of gender inequality in Vietnamese society, including the importance of gender stereotypes in the perception of female leaders by the public consciousness, are investigated. Based on statistical data, the ratio of men and women in the leadership pool of state power in Vietnam, as well as the reasons preventing an increase in the number of women in the leadership of state and political power, are considered.

Results. The results obtained indicate the fundamental nature of the legal framework of Vietnam on gender equality, the active formation of various mechanisms for the implementation of the National Strategy for Gender Equality. However, it is noted that its implementation is still formal due to the incompleteness of the institutionalization of the legal framework on this issue, the presence of various forms of hidden discrimination, socio-psychological, religious attitudes, as well as gender stereotypes. The results of the analysis indicate the need to create a system of monitoring and control over the implementation of gender programs, more active use of international experience, integration into regional personnel policy plans, the task of increasing the female leadership. The contribution of the authors. The concept of the article, its theoretical and methodological analysis, general editing belongs to T.V. Karadzhe. The collection and systematization of the regulatory framework, the resolutions of the Communist Party and the Government of Vietnam, the analysis of statistical data on the participation of women in state and political structures was carried out by Chan Thi Mi Ngoc.

Key words: gender equality, women’s political participation, the institution of state power, female leaders, Vietnam.

Citation. Karadzhe T.V., Chan Thi Mi Ngoc. Women’s Participation in the State Authorities of Modern Vietnam: Problems and Prospects. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4. Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2022, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 184-193. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2022.5.14.

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Women’s Participation in the State Authorities of Modern Vietnam: Problems and Prospects by Karadzhe T.V., Chan Thi Mi Ngoc is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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