KONYSHEV V.N., SERGUNIN A.A. Evolution of the U.S. Arctic Strategy’s Conceptual Basis

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2022.2.19

Valery N. Konyshev

Doctor of Sciences (Politics), Professor,

Department of Theory and History of International Relations, Saint Petersburg State University,

Universitetskaya Emb. 7/9, 199034 Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7257-6848

Alexander A. Sergunin

Doctor of Sciences (Politics), Professor,

Department of Theory and History of International Relations, Saint Petersburg State University,

Universitetskaya Emb. 7/9, 199034 Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4683-0611


Abstract. Introduction. The article examines the features of the main stages in the evolution of the U.S. Arctic strategy in the period after the end of the Cold War that helps to understand the future of American regional policy. The United States is one of the main participants in the Arctic policy, on which the state of security and cooperation in the region largely depends.

Methods and materials. The empirical basis for the study was the documents of various institutions and departments involved in the planning, implementation and control of the U.S. Arctic policy. These documents include the directives and public papers of the president, documents of the Department of Defense, the Arctic strategies of ministries and departments, reports of the Congressional Research Service, documents of “think tanks”.

Analysis. The article concludes that the Arctic became a priority of U.S. policy only in the early 2000s after the revival of Russia’s activity in the Far North. The U.S. strategy was finalized only under President Barack Obama. It directed to achieving American dominance in all spheres by combining political, diplomatic, economic, military instruments. If B. Obama considered international cooperation in the Arctic productive, then the next President D. Trump shifted the American strategy towards nationalism and isolationism, curtailing many cooperation projects.

Results. The development of the American strategy was inconsistent, and so far it does not represent a coherent, consistent vision of American policy in the Arctic. Relations between the United States and Russia in the Arctic decreased in the aftermath of the Ukrainian crisis, but objective conditions for cooperation remain. The scenario for the further evolution of bilateral relations remains uncertain under J. Biden.

Authors’ contribution. Valery Konyshev: introduction, contours of the Arctic policy after the end of the Cold War: strategic interests, development of the U.S. Arctic Doctrine: limited cooperation. Alexander Sergunin: methods and materials, revision of the Arctic doctrine: from cooperation to rivalry, results.

Key words: Arctic, strategy, Russian-American relations, security, foreign policy.

Citation. Konyshev V.N., Sergunin A.A. Evolution of the U.S. Arctic Strategy’s Conceptual Basis. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4. Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2022, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 225-236. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2022.2.19.

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Evolution of the U.S. Arctic Strategy’s Conceptual Basis by Konyshev V.N., Sergunin A.A. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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