YEVSEENKO A.S. China’s and Russia’s Growing Footprint in Latin America As a Challenge to American Interests


Andrey S. Yevseenko

Candidate of Sciences (Politics), Researcher,

Department of Foreign Policy Researches, Institute for the U.S. and Canadian Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences,

Khlebny Lane, 2/3, 121069 Moscow, Russian Federation

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract. Introduction. The Trump administration defined China and Russia as a “revisionist powers”, which challenge to American power, influence and interests. Such a perception affected the U.S. policy in Latin America. Major alarmist sentiments come from the U.S. military, which regularly notes the growth of foreign presence in the region.

Methods and materials. The author conducted a critical analysis of Chinese and Russian footprint aspects in Latin America, which cause U.S. establishment concerns. Information was gathered from doctrinal documents, economic statistics and indicators of arms exports.

Analysis. President Trump administration hasn’t created a credible barrier against the rise of foreign influence in this region. The causes lie in the specifics of the current U.S. foreign policy, which lacks positive incentives and representativeness. As a result, foreign influence is constrained by three main factors. First, the investment climate in Latin America continues to deteriorate. Second, most governments of the Latin American countries don`t intend to spoil relations with the United States. Thirdly, today there are no alternatives to the United States in the military-strategic aspect.

Results. Washington involuntarily promotes expanding and strengthening of other world powers’ footprint in Latin America. It happens not just because of Trump administrations’ protectionism and its skepticism about multilateral formats. Latin American continue to be considered in the context of Monroe Doctrine. American establishment doesn’t seek to invest its political capital in expanding the U.S. influence in the region. That’s why a high level of representativeness in promoting initiatives and new formats of cooperation has become an advantage of foreign actors.

Key words: Latin America, USA, China, Russia, investments, military presence, diplomatic ties.

Citation. Yevseenko A.S. China’s and Russia’s Growing Footprint in Latin America As a Challenge to American Interests. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4. Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2022, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 163-177. (in Russian). DOI:

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China’s and Russia’s Growing Footprint in Latin America As a Challenge to American Interests by Yevseenko A.S. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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