PUSHKINA D.B., KHAZANOVA A.L. The United States Policy Towards UN Peacekeeping Operations Under the Trump Administration

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2022.2.11

Darya B. Pushkina

PhD, Associate Professor,

Department of Problems of Interdisciplinary Synthesis in the Field of Social Sciences and Humanities, Saint Petersburg State University,

Galernaya St, 58-60, 190121 Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7282-1073

Anna L. Khazanova

MSc Candidate in Psychology of Mental Health,

University of Edinburgh, School of Health in Social Science,

Teviot Place, EH8 9AG Edinburgh, United Kingdom

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8855-6251


Abstract. Introduction. The United States has always been one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council and the largest financial donor to the UN System and peacekeeping operations. American policy towards the organization and peacekeeping operations has varied from harsh critique to active support. While in the office, President Trump criticized UN PKO missions for their inefficiency and pointed out the need for reforms both in the field of peacekeeping and the entire UN system. This led some American scholars to conclude that the Trump administration was an entirely special phenomenon in American policy towards the United Nations. This article analyzes United States policy towards UN peacekeeping under the Trump administration and attempts to respond to the question: does President Trump’s policy regarding UN peacekeeping operations represent a fundamentally new phenomenon, or is it a continuation of trends that emerged during previous administrations?

Methods and materials. The article analyses U.S. State Budgets, State Department Congressional Budget Justifications, official speeches by President Trump, Trump Administration foreign policy doctrine ‘America First’, official UN documents related to funding issues and troop contributions. The authors also conducted expert interviews.

Analysis. President Trump administration policy towards UN peacekeeping is analyzed to identify its main trends and determine their similarities with the policies of previous presidents towards UN peace operations.

Results. The article concludes that, although President Trump’s policy on UN peacekeeping operations was more critical than that of many of his predecessors, it is essentially a continuation of long-standing trends in U.S. politics. Authors’ contributions. D. Pushkina defined research focus of the article, examined academic literature on USA administrations’ policies towards the United Nations, selected research methods, defined the main vectors of the research, organized interviews with experts and made general conclusions. A. Khazanova researched and analyzed official U.S. documents with special focus on U.S. policy towards United Nations and UN peacekeeping, examined relevant UN documents, gathered budgetary data, conducted interviews with experts, made conclusions.

Key words: American foreign policy, United Nations, UN peacekeeping, President Trump, international relations.

Citation. Pushkina D.B., Khazanova A.L. The United States Policy Towards UN Peacekeeping Operations Under the Trump Administration. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4. Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2022, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 126-136. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2022.2.11.

Лицензия Creative Commons

The United States Policy Towards UN Peacekeeping Operations Under the Trump Administration by Pushkina D.B., Khazanova A.L. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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