TEKUEVA M.A., KONOVALOV A.A., GUGOVA M.Kh. The Idea of National Independence in Nalchik District During the Civil War

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2022.1.12

Madina A. Tekueva

Doctor of Sciences (History), Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Ethnology, History of the Peoples of the KBR and Journalism,

Kabardino-Balkarian State University named after H.M. Berbekov,

Chernyshevskogo St, 173, 360004 Nalchik, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5818-9131

Andrei A. Konovalov

Candidate of Sciences (History), Associate Professor,

Department of Russian History, Kabardino-Balkarian State University named after H.M. Berbekov,

Chernyshevskogo St, 173, 360004 Nalchik, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7501-9529

Marina Kh. Gugova

Candidate of Sciences (History), Associate Professor, Senior Researcher, Sector of Contemporary History,

Institute for Humanitarian Research, Branch of the Federal Scientific Center “Kabardino-Balkarian Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences”,

Pushkina St, 18, 360000 Nalchik, Russian Federation

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3461-3011


Abstract. Introduction. The sociopolitical commotions of 1917 caused the rise of national liberation ideas in the North Caucasus. These ideas attracted representatives of various social groups of the indigenous population of the Nalchik district to the revolution. But the national question was intertwined with the task of seizing power and the economic interests of individual circles, which formed four options for solving the national question. It is necessary to pay attention to them and highlight the perspective of the picture of the events of the Civil War.

Analysis. The article presents an analysis of the main variants of national ideas through the characteristics of the main characters of the dramatic period in Kabarda and Balkaria. This is, firstly, Shakmanov’s policy of national neutrality, aimed at preventing armed uprisings and civilian casualties. Secondly, this is the program of Dautokov-Serebryakov, which offered complete self-determination of Kabarda, but could not stand the collaboration with Denikin’s idea of a “great and indivisible Russia”. The third position, presented by Katkhanov, combined the national liberation aspirations of the people with religious consciousness. The fourth was manifested in the rhetoric of Kalmykov, who interpreted the early Bolshevik documents on the right of nations to self-determination in the context of a federation.

Results. The complex of methods of objective historical analysis gives an understanding of some of the reasons that attracted various social groups, predominantly the agrarian population of Kabarda and Balkaria, to participate in the Civil War. Authors’ contribution. Development of the concept of the article, analysis of the results and general editing belongs to M.A. Tekueva. The introductory section was written by M.Kh. Gugova. The analysis of the idea of national independence during the Civil War in the Nalchik region was carried out by A.A. Konovalov.

Key words: Civil War, national independence, “White” movement, Sharia movement, Bolsheviks, the North Caucasus.

Citation. Tekueva M.A., Konovalov A.A., Gugova M.Kh. The Idea of National Independence in Nalchik District During the Civil War. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4. Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2022, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 139-150. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2022.1.12.

Лицензия Creative Commons

The Idea of National Independence in Nalchik District During the Civil War by Tekueva M.A., Konovalov A.A., Gugova M.Kh. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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