EVDOKIMOV V.B., STEPANOV M.M., ZALOILO M.V. Search for the Most Effective Ways to Protect Legal Order During the Civil War in Russia: Formation and Activity of Police Bodies of the Main State Formations

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2022.1.3

Vyacheslav B. Evdokimov

Doctor of Sciences (Jurisprudence), Professor, Chief Researcher,

Department of Constitutional Law, Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation,

Bolshaya Cheremushkinskaya St, 34, 117218 Moscow, Russian Federation

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7420-4124

Mikhail M. Stepanov

Candidate of Sciences (Jurisprudence), Associate Professor,

Department of State Studies, General Legal, Social and Humanitarian Disciplines, Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation,

Bolshaya Cheremushkinskaya St, 34, 117218 Moscow, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5203-1867

Maxim V. Zaloilo

Candidate of Sciences (Jurisprudence), Leading Researcher,

Department of Theory of Law and Interdisciplinary Research of Legislation, Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation,

Bolshaya Cheremushkinskaya St, 34, 117218 Moscow, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4247-5242


Abstract. Introduction. The legal order as the ordering of public relations on the basis of law is one of the main elements of the state. The problem of its provision was actualized during the Civil War. The presence of a firm legal order meant the stability of the government, and also directly influenced its support from the population, stability in the rear and success at the front. An important role in ensuring the protection of legal order, along with ordinary and emergency bodies, was played by the police.

Methods and materials. With the help of historical-legal, systematic, formal-legal and comparative-legal methods, the analysis of written sources was carried out, among which the main attention was paid to legislation and other official acts of the authorities of state formations during the Civil War, works and memoirs of its participants, as well as scientific works devoted to the study of this period.

Results. The article shows that the most radical changes in the organization of the police were carried out by the Soviet government. The flexibility of the leadership in matters of ideology (without affecting the foundations of Marxist doctrine and the construction of socialist statehood in the country) ensured the effectiveness of the activities of the Soviet law enforcement agencies and the significant contribution of the Soviet police to restoring elementary order and countering rampant crime on the territory of the RSFSR.

Key words: Civil War, Soviet power, Soviet Russia, anti-Bolshevik state formations, protection of legal order, police.

Citation. Evdokimov V.B., Stepanov M.M., Zaloilo M.V. Search for the Most Effective Ways to Protect Legal Order During the Civil War in Russia: Formation and Activity of Police Bodies of the Main State Formations. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4. Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2022, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 35-45. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2022.1.3.

Лицензия Creative Commons

Search for the Most Effective Ways to Protect Legal Order During the Civil War in Russia: Formation and Activity of Police Bodies of the Main State Formations by Evdokimov V.B., Stepanov M.M., Zaloilo M.V is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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