SANZHAROV V.A., SANZHAROVA G.F. Diplomatic Preparation for the English Invasion of France in 1415

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2021.5.14

Valery A. Sanzharov

Candidate of Sciences (History), Free Researcher,

Kutuzova St, 5, 284601 Gorlovka

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https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4075-8572

Galina F. Sanzharova

Senior Lecturer, Chair of Romance Philology and Comparative-Typological Linguistics,

Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University,

Timoshenko St, 13B, 04212 Kyiv, Ukraine

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0557-9192


Abstract. Introduction. According to the latest research, the managerial genius of Henry V was most fully manifested in the military, financial and diplomatic fields. The authors analyze in detail the royal diplomacy, which has not been the subject of special study. Diplomacy is analyzed as a space of political communication.

Methods and materials. The basic methods of historical analysis were used to work with the material. The sources used in the work are diplomatic documents (treaties, “memorandums”, instructions to ambassadors and their correspondence with monarchs, decisions of royal councils, discussion of the course and results of negotiations in parliament) and chronicles. In historiography, the problem is traditionally considered within the framework of works devoted to the personality of Henry V or the history of the Hundred Years War.

Analysis. The article analyzes three phases and three components of English diplomatic policy from the coming of Henry V of Lancaster to power to his invasion of Normandy: 1) negotiations with both sides of the intra-French conflict in order to prevent their reconciliation. 2) the territorial claims of Henry V in France (territory in exchange for giving up the “rights” of inheritance). 3) diplomatic activity as a disguise of preparation for war (territory in exchange for peace).

Results. The authors concluded that the English in the years 1413–1415 are moving from military mercenarism on the side of one of the warring groups in the intra-French conflict to declaring themselves as one of the parties to the struggle for power in France with their rights and claims. The diplomacy of the English crown pursued the intentions of 1) demonstrating the impossibility of achieving the claims of the royal house of England on the continent peacefully; 2) maintaining schism and confrontation within the highest French nobility; 3) ensuring international recognition of the English monarch’s right to intervene in the intra-French conflict.

Key words: Hundred Years War, diplomacy, Henry V, treaty of Brétigny, communication, ceremony.

Citation. Sanzharov V.A., Sanzharova G.F. Diplomatic Preparation for the English Invasion of France in 1415. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4. Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2021, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 180-190. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2021.5.14.

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Diplomatic Preparation for the English Invasion of France in 1415 by Sanzharov V.A., Sanzharova G.F. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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