ABISHEVA M.A., MARMONTOVA T.V., DULAMBAYEVA R.T., BAGLAY B. COVID-19 Country Strategies Counteraction: A System Analysis Experience

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2021.5.13

Marian A. Abisheva

Candidate of Sciences (Politics), Director,

Institute of Diplomacy, Academy of Public Administration under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan,

Abaya St, 33, 010000 NurSultan, Kazakhstan

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3516-828X

Taissiya V. Marmontova

Candidate of Sciences (History), Professor,

Institute of Diplomacy, Academy of Public Administration under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan,

Abaya St, 33, 010000 Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan

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https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9162-297X

Raushan T. Dulambayeva

Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Professor,

Institute of Management, Academy of Public Administration under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan,

Abaya St, 33, 010000 Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan

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https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3942-8875

Bauyrzhan Baglay

Master Student in International Relations, Assistant,

Institute of Diplomacy, Academy of Public Administration under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan,

Abaya St, 33, 010000 Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan

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https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2108-3362


Abstract. Introduction. The article discusses the features of the regulation of counteraction measures in the initial period of the pandemic. When choosing the object of the study, the authors proceeded from the assumption that the effectiveness of responding to COVID-19 threats is related to the capabilities of public administration systems to be adaptive and respond promptly to changes in the situation. The authors focused on studying the process of adaptation of management systems to a new type of threat, for this purpose the situation in countries with maximum and minimum mortality rates was studied.

Methods and materials. The methodology is based on the use of the Evidence-based policy principle, implemented through desk research and event analysis. The chosen methodology made it possible to identify a number of typical response strategies based on attempts of “suppression and deterrence”, “mitigation and struggle”, “support and assistance”, expressed in lockdowns of varying degrees of severity.

Analysis. Typical measures in the political sphere include the creation of government crisis response headquarters and the development of national plans to combat the epidemic. Most of the damage received by States during the COVID-19 pandemic is due to underestimation of the situation and risks of biological safety, lack of experience in responding.

Results. Conclusions were drawn about the economic and political consequences of the implementation of state strategies, their impact on national security. In particular, it was noted that administrative measures (China) give a quick effect with great complexity of implementation, but most states prefer to balance between the necessary restrictions and maintaining the viability of economies. As a result, the final conclusion was made that the practice of crisis management should become an integral part of government responses to shocks in the future. Key words: public administration, COVID-19, state of emergency, state support, social regulation, quarantine, security.

Citation. Abisheva M.A., Marmontova T.V., Dulambayeva R.T., Baglay B. COVID-19 Country Strategies Counteraction: A System Analysis Experience. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4. Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2021, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 167-179. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2021.5.13.

Лицензия Creative Commons

COVID-19 Country Strategies Counteraction: A System Analysis Experience by Abisheva M.A., Marmontova T.V., Dulambayeva R.T., Baglay B. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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