EROHIN A.M., VOROBEV S.M., AVDEEV E.A. Ethnopolitical Processes in the Caucasus: Identity Conflict and Political Activity of Youth

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2021.5.9

Aleksej M. Erohin

Doctor of Sciences (Sociology), Professor, Head of the Department of Philosophy,

North-Caucasus Federal University,

Pushkina St, 1, 355017 Stavropol, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8315-3250

Sergej M. Vorobev

Candidate of Sciences (Politics), Associate Professor,

Department of Philosophy, North-Caucasus Federal University,

Pushkina St, 1, 355017 Stavropol, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8893-2595

Evgenii A. Avdeev

Candidate of Sciences (Philosophy), Associate Professor,

Department of Philosophy, North-Caucasus Federal University,

Pushkina St, 1, 355017 Stavropol, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4004-9610


Abstract. Introduction. The article presents the results of the research, which helped to determine the assessments and perceptions of young people in the Caucasus region about the state, nature and direction of the development of ethnopolitical processes, to identify common and special in the views of youth in the North and South Caucasus.

Methods and Materials. Sociological research within the framework of the scientific project “Ethno-Political Processes in the Caucasus in the Assessments and Perceptions of Modern Youth” was carried out by the authors of the article in 2019 using the online survey method. 2,000 respondents were interviewed, namely students of leading universities of the region (1,000 respondents were interviewed in the North Caucasus and 1,000 respondents in the South Caucasus), the age of the respondents being 18-24 years old. The role of state authorities in the formation of civic and national identity among youth of the North Caucasus was revealed as a result of the content analysis of regional programs and other information materials in 2018.

Analysis. It was found that the spectrum of the main ethnopolitical issues of concern to young people in the Caucasus region is largely identical for both the North and South Caucasus. It was revealed that civic, national, and religious identities are of priority and equal importance for the vast majority of youth. Civic and national identity for the absolute majority of Caucasian respondents is associated with the preservation of national culture and history, pride of their country and its achievements, protection of the Fatherland, and the guarantee of human rights and freedoms. Regional identity is a priority for the overwhelming majority of young people in the Caucasus. It can be assumed that risks of conflict between civil, national, and confessional identities persist among young people in the region. Youth in the Caucasus have a high level of political activity and consider their active participation in the political life of the region necessary. At the same time, they are more inclined towards a constructive solution to socio-political problems, volunteering, as well as dialogue and cooperation with state authorities. The main actors forming political views, according to the majority of respondents, are the environment in which they communicate, close relatives, as well as the blogosphere and social networks. The role of state administration in the formation of civil and national identity among young people in the North Caucasus is analyzed. The conclusion is that it is necessary to strengthen work in the region to develop public initiatives among youth, to involve them in socially significant activities, to activate their creative potential, and to develop their participation in various civil society institutions, especially volunteer organizations.

Results. The conclusion is made about the need for a wide integration of young people of the region into the all-Russian socio-cultural space, the implementation of equal partnership between youth, civil society institutions and state authorities, greater involvement of young people in activities that contribute to the economic, socio-political and cultural development of the region. Key words: youth, ethnopolitical processes, Caucasus, political activity, civic identity, national identity.

Citation. Erohin A.M., Vorobev S.M., Avdeev E.A. Ethnopolitical Processes in the Caucasus: Identity Conflict and Political Activity of Youth. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4. Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2021, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 112-125. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2021.5.9.

Лицензия Creative Commons

Ethnopolitical Processes in the Caucasus: Identity Conflict and Political Activity of Youth by Erohin A.M., Vorobev S.M., Avdeev E.A. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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