DMITRIEVA Z.V., RUMYNSKAIA M.N., SAZONOVA T.V. Belozersk Monasteries in Crisis Years (1570s – 1610s)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2021.5.6

Zoia V. Dmitrieva

Doctor of Sciences (History), Leading Researcher,

Saint Petersburg Institute of History, Russian Academy of Sciences,

Petrozavodskaia St, 7, 197110 Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8989-6461

Marina N. Rumynskaia

Editor,

Saint Petersburg Institute of History, Russian Academy of Sciences,

Petrozavodskaia St, 7, 197110 Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9455-4247

Tatiana V. Sazonova

Candidate of Sciences (History), Researcher,

Saint Petersburg Institute of History, Russian Academy of Sciences,

Petrozavodskaia St, 7, 197110 Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0521-8717


Abstract. Introduction. The article examines the situation of the monasteries of the Belozersk region in the last quarter of the 16th century – the first decade of the 17th century: regional manifestation of crisis phenomena, the reasons for their occurrence, the degree of influence of individual factors (epidemic, famine, foreign invasion).

Methods and materials. The topic is disclosed using the methods of historical research (analysis, synthesis, external and internal criticism of documents). The source base was made up of acts and monastic business books, including inventory of property.

Analysis. In the last quarter of the 16th century – the first decade of the 17th century the Russian state was going through a deep crisis, which was observed in all aspects of the life of Russian society: political, dynastic, economic and social; it was intensified by the great famine of 1601–1603. During these years monasteries remained centers of economic stability, providing the brethren, servants, ministers and beggars with the necessary products and household items. In the years of famine, grain from the monastic granaries was “loaned” to the peasants for consumption and sowing. The devastation of the monastic economy and the physical destruction of the population began in the Time of Troubles.

As a result, the authors came to the following conclusions: the crisis of the last quarter of the 16th century and the Great Famine of the early 17th century did not lead to degradation and disruption of the traditional way of life in the region; the destruction of Belozersk monasteries begins in 1612 and continues until 1618; only the Kirillov Monastery, headed by Abbot Matthew, was able to organize the defense and protect the fortress, preserving the Cyril’s heritage from the Polish-Cossack plunder.

Key words: Belozersk monasteries, the crisis in Russia in the last third of the 16th century, the Great Famine, the Time of Troubles, “Polish ruin”, the abbot of the Belozersk Monastery Matthew.

Citation. Dmitrieva Z.V., Rumynskaia M.N., Sazonova T.V. Belozersk Monasteries in Crisis Years (1570s – 1610s). Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4. Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2021, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 72-83. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2021.5.6.

Лицензия Creative Commons

Belozersk Monasteries in Crisis Years (1570s – 1610s) by Dmitrieva Z.V., Rumynskaia M.N., Sazonova T.V. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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