TRUONG ANH THUAN. The Conflicts Among Religious Orders of Christianity in China During the 17th and 18th Centuries

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2021.5.5

Anh Thuan Truong

Ph.D. History, Head of Department for History of Vietnam and History Teaching Methods,

The University of Da Nang, University of Science and Education,

Ton Duc Thang St, 459, 55000 Danang, Vietnam

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9682-882X


Abstract. Introduction. The article studies the conflicts between the Spanish Mendicant Orders (Dominican Order, Franciscan Order, etc.) as well as the Society of Foreign Missions of Paris with Portuguese Society of Jesus, which took place during the 17th and 18th centuries in China.

Methods and materials. To study this issue, the author used the original historical materials recorded by Western missionaries working in China during the 17th and 18th centuries and research works by Chinese and international scholars related to the Chinese Rites Controversy as well as the process of introduction and development of Christianity in this country during the 17th and 18th centuries. The author combines two main research methods of History Science (historical and logical methods) with other research methods (systemic approach, analysis, synthesis, comparison, etc.) to complete the study of this issue.

Analysis. In the 17th and 18th centuries, the struggle for faith of the peoples in the Far East, especially China, became the desirable goal of religious orders of Christianity. Therefore, during this period, Western missionaries belonging to various religious orders of Christianity, such as the Society of Jesus, Mendicant Orders, Society of Foreign Missions of Paris, etc., gradually entered this country. In the course of evangelization, the struggle for influence as well as the right to manage missionary affairs in China at that time created conflicts among Christian religious orders. It is manifested in the form of a debate about Chinese rituals. In fact, these conflicts not only caused great losses to the missionary career of contemporary Christian religious orders taking place in China but also made the relationship between China’s ruling authorities and The Holy See became very tense.

Results. Based on the study of the conflicts among religious orders of Christianity in China during the 17th and 18th centuries, the article clarifies characteristics, the root and direct causes leading to this phenomenon, making a certain contribution to the study of the relationship among religious orders in the process of introduction and development of Christianity in China in particular and the history of East-West cultural exchange in this country in general in the 17th and 18th centuries.

Key words: China, Society of Jesus, Society of Foreign Missions of Paris, Mendicant Orders, conflict, Christianity, Chinese Rites Controversy.

Citation. Truong Anh Thuan. The Conflicts Among Religious Orders of Christianity in China During the 17th and 18th Centuries. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4. Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2021, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 57-71. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2021.5.5.

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The Conflicts Among Religious Orders of Christianity in China During the 17th and 18th Centuries by Truong Anh Thuan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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