VASILIEVA E.N., ROSTOVSKAYA T.K., SÜLEYMANLÝ E. Demographic Threats to National Security in the Political Discourse of the Russian Federation (1992–2019)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2021.2.20

Ekaterina N. Vasilieva

Doctor of Sciences (Sociology), Associate Professor, Professor,

Department of Sociology and Social Technologies, Volgograd State University,

Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0460-5539

Tamara K. Rostovskaya

Doctor of Sciences (Sociology), Professor, Deputy Director for Research,

Institute for Demographic Research of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences,

Fotievoy St, 6, Bld. 1, 119333 Moscow, Russian Federation

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1629-7780

Ebulfez Süleymanlý

Doctor of Sciences (Sociology), Professor, Head of the Department of Sociology,

Üsküdar University,

Haluk Türksoy St, 14, 34662 Istanbul, Turkey

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1894-5232


Abstract. Introduction. Population growth in the world is uneven: while in some countries the population has been growing for a long time (China, India), in Russia and in many EU and BRIC countries, the birth rate has been declining in recent years; and if this does not affect the population, then only by increasing life expectancy and migration. Abrupt changes – both growth and decline – in the population are a threat to the national security of the state. The purpose of this work is to evaluate the effectiveness of political management (strategies and tools) aimed at solving demographic problems and increasing the birth rate in the Russian Federation, as well as to identify the stages of the formation of demographic policy in the Russian Federation in 1992–2019.

Methods and materials. Based on the qualitative analysis of normative documents, the frame analysis of speeches of political leaders the main factors that influenced the coverage of demographic problems are revealed (the authors used official electronic versions of the following publications: “Sobranie Zakonodatelstva Rossiyskoy Federatsii” (Collection of Legislation of the Russian Federation) and “Byulleten normativnykh aktov federalnykh organov ispolnitelnoy vlasti” (Bulletin of Normative Acts of Federal Executive Authorities).

Analysis. The proposed research strategy allowed identifying demographic threats to national security articulated by political actors and presented in official documents, statements of officials, as well as to compare the political decisions taken in the Russian Federation with the decisions taken in some European countries. Strategic documents that ensure national security of the Russian Federation by including the demographic agenda in political discourse are considered as a tool of political management.

Results. The article assesses the effectiveness of political management in solving demographic problems and increasing the birth rate in the Russian Federation, identifies the stages of the formation of demographic policy in the Russian Federation in 1992–2019, as well as the features of the articulation of demographic problems in the political discourse of Russia, and describes demographic threats. The analysis of the regulatory framework as a tool for political management, demographic threats prevention, as well as the basis of the state strategy for increasing the birth rate in the Russian Federation allowed identifying policy decisions that can be used to develop new measures within the framework of programs to increase the birth rate in the Russian Federation.

Key words: national security, demographic threats, political management, political decisions, strategy, social policy, demographic policy, birth rate, migration, measures of social support of the population.

Citation. Vasilieva E.N., Rostovskaya T.K., Süleymanlý E. Demographic Threats to National Security in the Political Discourse of the Russian Federation (1992–2019). Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4. Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2021, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 255-272. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2021.2.20.

Лицензия Creative Commons

Demographic Threats to National Security in the Political Discourse of the Russian Federation (1992–2019) by Vasilieva E.N., Rostovskaya T.K., Süleymanlý E. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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