TSITKILOV P.Ya. Situation of Families of Military Servants During the Great Patriotic War

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2021.1.15 

Petr Ya. Tsitkilov

Doctor of Sciences (History), Professor,

Department of Social Technologies, Southern Federal University,

Dneprovskiy Lane, 116, 344006 Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation

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Abstract. Introduction. The following aspects of this topic have not received thorough consideration: the interaction in the first years of the war of social security departments and military registration and enlistment offices in solving the problems of families of war veterans; periodization of policies to support military families; motivational nature of their main problems, etc.

Methods and materials. The author used such methods of historical research as comparative historical, genetic, historical and anthropological, as well as the hermeneutics method, which allowed us to interpret various facts, events, government decisions related to the problems of families of war veterans during the war, by their voluminous and holistic perception.

Analysis. The study includes the identification of the specifics of the policy of the Soviet state to support the families of military personnel at the first (1941–1942) and second (1943–1945) stages of its implementation, and also raises the problem of the causes of the plight of some families of war veterans during the war.

Results. In the state policy of supporting families of war veterans during the war years, one can distinguish the initial stage (1941–1942) and the stage of systematic support of these families with the involvement of additional funds and organizational structures (1943–1945). Caring for the families of servicemen, their financial situation, spiritual and moral condition was one of the priorities of state policy during the war years. This allowed, along with other factors, to rally the people, bringing the Great Victory closer.

Key words: military families, social support, allowances, pensions, benefits, public policy.

Citation. Tsitkilov P.Ya. Situation of Families of Military Servants During the Great Patriotic War. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4. Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2021, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 172-181. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2021.1.15.

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Situation of Families of Military Servants During the Great Patriotic War by Tsitkilov P.Ya. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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