NAZAROV V.P., AFINOGENOV D.A. Global Climate Change as a National Security Threat: American and Russian Political Practices

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2021.1.10 

Vladimir P. Nazarov

Candidate of Sciences (Politics), Advisor to the Secretary,

Security Council of the Russian Federation,

Ilyinka St, 23/16, 103132 Moscow, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6290-8220 

Dmitry A. Afinogenov

Doctor of Sciences (Politics), Professor,

Department of Public Administration and National Security,

Institute of Law and National Security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration,

Prosp. Vernadskogo, 82, 119571 Moscow, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3558-3122 


Abstract. Introduction. The article gives an overview of American and Russian approaches to global climate change (GCC) in the context of the national security policy. The purpose of the study is to improve the national security policy in the context of GCC using international and Russian experience. The authors make proposals for refining Russian approaches to the problem including adjustments to the Russian Federation National Security Strategy, development of a number of other strategic planning documents and new initiatives to tackle threats related to GCC on a broad multilateral basis.

Methods and methodology. The system analysis methods used in the research enable to reveal general trends in the evolvement of the GCC phenomenon and to predict its growing influence on governments and civil societies. The synthesis methods help to draw general conclusions that are common for the national security policies of all nations, to reveal the complex and interdisciplinary nature of GCC and to propose improvements in the government policies in this area.

Analysis. The analysis of American official documents and scientific publications shows the evolution of approaches in assessing the GCC in relation to national security policies, whereas the GCC has been regarded as a threat to U.S. and international security and stability. The authors criticize unilateralism of American official approaches to threats posed by GCC as well as the ineffectiveness of collective attempts to counter these threats. Results. The study concludes that the GCC poses a common threat to humanity and requires collective concerted actions. It is therefore proposed that the long-term national interests be adjusted adding to their list the task of preserving the nature and environment, to clarify the strategic goal-setting in this critical area and to develop a forward-looking model for cooperation between the government, civil society and wildlife.

Key words: global climate change, national security threats, abnormal weather, natural and man-made disasters, national security strategy, strategic planning, strategic national priorities.

Citation. Nazarov V.P., Afinogenov D.A. Global Climate Change as a National Security Threat: American and Russian Political Practices. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4. Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2021, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 107-122. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2021.1.10.

Лицензия Creative Commons

Global Climate Change as a National Security Threat: American and Russian Political Practices by Nazarov V.P., Afinogenov D.A. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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