LEVIN Ya.A. Activities of the U.S. Special Services in the Republic of China During the Civil War (1927–1950)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2021.1.9 

Yaroslav A. Levin

Candidate of Sciences (History), Junior Researcher,

Department of World History, Law and Methods of Teaching,

Samara State University of Social Sciences and Education,

Maksima Gorkogo St, 65/67, 443099 Samara, Russian Federation

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  


Abstract. Introduction. The Chinese Civil War was a time of rapprochement between the United States and the Republic of China, but there were enormous difficulties and contradictions between the two countries.

Methods and materials. In this regard, it seems that the information of the two main agencies of the U.S. intelligence community is able to significantly supplement the picture of the interaction between the two countries and allows better understanding of why at some point Washington was forced to almost completely abandon its support for the Chiang Kai-shek regime. The article is based on the principles of historicism and consistency, as well as the methods of historical comparative studies.

Analysis and results. The excessive level of corruption, which involved numerous American structures and officials, internal conflicts in the Republic’s government that influenced the situation and the course of the confrontation and were consecrated in FBI and CIA documents, contributed to the gradual withdrawal of the United States from the policy of the unconditional support for the Chiang Kai-shek regime, but the Communist victory and the establishment of the PRC made, in the absence of other real alternatives, it necessary to continue to support the Republic. The new information makes it possible to better understand how the White House treated the leader of “democratic” China and his family, as well as to better understand the role of intelligence and counterintelligence in these processes and the place of Soviet intelligence in the final stages of the heavy civil war in China (1927–1950). The materials presented in the article and their analysis show specifics and differences in approaches of the FBI and CIA on the example of work on China. The article is based on FBI and CIA archives and covers the period from 1943 to 1949.

Key words: FBI, CIA, Chiang Kai-shek, J.Edgar Hoover, Chinese Civil War, World War Two, Cold War.

Citation. Levin Ya.A. Activities of the U.S. Special Services in the Republic of China During the Civil War (1927–1950). Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4. Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2021, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 93-106. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2021.1.9.

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Activities of the U.S. Special Services in the Republic of China During the Civil War (1927–1950) by Levin Ya.A. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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