KANDAUROVA T.N. Training of Army Reserves in the Educational Structures of Military Settlements in the First Half of the 19th Century

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2021.1.6 

Tatiana N. Kandaurova

Candidate of Sciences (History), Senior Researcher,

Department of History and Theory of Culture, Russian State University for the Humanities,

Miusskaya Sq., 6, 125993, GSP-3 Moscow, Russian Federation

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Abstract. Introduction. The article considers the development of military educational structures of the Russian military settlement organization at various stages of their activity. In the 1810s and 1850s, training battalions, squadrons, batteries, and combat reserve units trained children of Cantonese military settlers to serve in the army as Junior and non-commissioned officers. Specialized educational institutions taught topographers, builders, doctors, veterinarians, agronomists and other training specialists to serve in the settlement districts.

Methods and materials. The author explores models of developing military educational institutions on the basis of materials of complexes of legislative, statistical and reporting documents applying methods of quantitative analysis (trend models, grouping method), comparative analysis using source-oriented, problem-oriented, and system-structural approaches.

Analysis. All this made it possible to trace the evolution of government policy aimed at training army personnel and noncommissioned officers based on changing historical realities (the army’s needs for trained personnel, the reform of the military settlement organization), and the results of its implementation, as well as to show the numerical corps of graduates of training units of military settlements and its growth in time and space.

Results. The main stages of the development of military educational structures of settlements and periods of their quantitative growth are also defined, which resulted in the multiplication of the number of graduates for the army service. The formation and expansion of the entire educational system of settlements was carried out as the need for special-profile personnel arose in the settled regiments. In the 1820s – 1850s, new special educational institutions were integrated into it, and primary education developed along a transformed vector.

Key words: military settlements, Cantonese, Lancaster School, non-commissioned officer training, school squadrons, battalions and batteries, Military Teacher Training Institute.

Citation. Kandaurova T.N. Training of Army Reserves in the Educational Structures of Military Settlements in the First Half of the 19th Century. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4. Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2021, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 53-66. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2021.1.6.

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Training of Army Reserves in the Educational Structures of Military Settlements in the First Half of the 19th Century by Kandaurova T.N. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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