KOZHUKHOVSKAIA Iu.V. Reflection of Solar Symbolism in the Burial Rite of the Kemi Oba Culture: Case Study of the Grave Cist Painting from Koyash Village

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2020.4.20 

Iuliia V. Kozhukhovskaia

Candidate of Sciences (Philology), Senior Lecturer,

Linguodidactics and Foreign Philology Department, Sevastopol State University,

Universitetskaya St, 33, 299053 Sevastopol, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6057-5821 


Abstract. Introduction. The article focuses on the analysis of solar elements in the burial rite of the Kemi Oba culture of the Early Bronze Age.

Methods and materials. The material draws attention to the painting of the grave cist from Koyash (Vodnoye) village that presents a set of mythopoetic schemes and plots, their interpretation proceeds from the processes of comprehension of the outside world.

Analysis. The paper identifies the ideograms on the basis of the painting of the grave cist under study: the circle with a dot in its center, the concentric circle, the triangle. The burial rite of the Kemi Oba culture focuses on the conceptualization of the afterlife in terms of observations of the solar nature, which is consistent with the prevailing Indo-European concepts of the Bronze Age. The sign of the concentric circle in the Kemi Oba culture appears as a solar symbol based on the analogies in the Indo-European mythology. The ideogram is part of the plot with dynamic character, and participates in the mythopoetic scheme based on the dichotomies: up – down, this life – afterlife in the context of the Axis Mundi idea. Four suns as part of the plot of the painted cist demonstrate the non-static solar nature, its four states, and, consequently, suggests the solar myth that has a spatio-temporal realization.

Results. The cosmological picture of the world of the Kemi-Oba people includes the processes of categorization of the environment objectified through the fragmentation of the path of the sun, i.e. duality and quaternary.

Key words: Kemi Oba culture, Bronze Age, painting of grave cists, solar symbol, solar myth, Indo-European studies.

Citation. Kozhukhovskaia I.V. Reflection of Solar Symbolism in the Burial Rite of the Kemi Oba Culture: Case Study of the Grave Cist Painting from Koyash Village. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4. Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2020, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 300-314. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2020.4.20.

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Reflection of Solar Symbolism in the Burial Rite of the Kemi Oba Culture: Case Study of the Grave Cist Painting from Koyash Village by Kozhukhovskaia Iu.V. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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