PILIPENKO A.S., CHERDANTSEV S.V., TRAPEZOV R.O., TOMILIN M.A., BALABANOVA M.A., PRISTYAZHNYUK M.S., ZHURAVLEV A.A. On the Issue of the Sarmatian Population Genetic Composotion in the Lower Volga Region (Paleogenetic Data)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2020.4.2 

Aleksandr S. Pilipenko

Сandidate of Sciences (Biology), Leading Researcher, Head of the Inter-Institutional Laboratory of Molecular Paleogenetics and Paleogenomics,

Institute of Cytology and Genetics SB RAS,

Prosp. Akademika Lavrentyeva, 10, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1009-2554 

Stepan V. Cherdantsev

Junior Researcher,

Institute of Cytology and Genetics SB RAS,

Prosp. Akademika Lavrentyeva, 10, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4384-3468 

Rostislav O. Trapezov

Candidate of Sciences (Biology), Researcher,

Institute of Cytology and Genetics SB RAS,

Prosp. Akademika Lavrentyeva, 10, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0483-530X 

Matvey A. Tomilin

Senior Laboratory Assistant,

Institute of Cytology and Genetics SB RAS,

Prosp. Akademika Lavrentyeva, 10, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2616-8712 

Mariya A. Balabanova

Doctor of Sciences (History), Professor,

Department of Russian and Foreign History and Archaeology, Volgograd State University,

Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1565-474X 

Maria S. Pristyazhnyuk

Senior Laboratory Assistant,

Institute of Cytology and Genetics SB RAS,

Prosp. Akademika Lavrentyeva, 10, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9770-6381 

Anton A. Zhuravlev

Junior Researcher,

Institute of Cytology and Genetics SB RAS,

Prosp. Akademika Lavrentyeva, 10, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6169-0912 


Abstract. Introduction. The article presents the results of the analysis of mitochondrial DNA and Y-chromosome samples obtained from the representatives of Sarmatian populations from the Lower Volga region belonging to all stages of the culture.

Methods and materials. The authors have screened samples from 202 individuals representing three cultural and chronological Sarmatian groups (Early Sarmatian, Middle Sarmatian and Late Sarmatian cultures). As a result, the researchers have determined the structure and phylogenetic position of 62 mitochondrial DNA samples and 12 Y-chromosome samples, carried out a comprehensive analysis of the results. The authors have interpreted the obtained results in terms of the formation of the Sarmatian genetic composition and their genetic relationships.

Results and discussion. The paper shows that the Sarmatian mitochondrial DNA pool is characterized by a high level of diversity, which is also typical for other Early Iron Age nomadic groups. The mitochondrial DNA lineages of Western Eurasian origin dominate in the Sarmatian gene pool, while lineages of Eastern Eurasian haplogroups cover less than 13% of the total sample. Data on both genetic markers suggests that the formation of the main features of the Sarmatian gene pool could be alternatively influenced by populations from more eastern regions, genetically more related to the Andronovo historical and cultural community, which is consistent with the data of physical paleoanthropology, or autochthonous populations of the Lower Volga and adjacent regions. The mitochondrial DNA data indicates a significant genetic influence of the populations from more southern regions of the Eurasian steppe belt on the Sarmatian gene pool. In addition, the authors show the presence of Eastern Eurasian components in the gene pools of all chronological Sarmatian groups, which may indicate the genetic influence of early nomads from eastern regions of the Eurasian steppe belt. The exact time of the appearance of these eastern genetic components in the Lower Volga region remains unclear. At the same time, the authors did not find the signs of an increase in the role of eastern components during the transition from the Early to Middle and to Late stages of the Sarmatian culture, which could be expected based on the data of archaeology and physical anthropology.

Prospects. Prospects for a more detailed reconstruction of the Sarmatian genetic history in the Lower Volga region are associated with the further development of the diachronic model, including the accumulation of more mitochondrial DNA and Y-chromosome data for the population of each stage of the Sarmatian culture, the involvement of groups preceding the Sarmatians in the region in the study and the analysis of additional markers of nuclear DNA.

Key words: Sarmatians, paleogenetics, mitochondrial DNA, Y-chromosome, diachronic approach, early nomads.

Citation. Pilipenko A.S., Cherdantsev S.V., Trapezov R.O., Tomilin M.A., Balabanova M.A., Pristyazhnyuk M.S., Zhuravlev A.A. On the Issue of the Samatian Population Genetic Composotion in the Lower Volga Region (Paleogenetic Data). Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4. Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2020, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 17-50. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2020.4.2.

Лицензия Creative Commons

On the Issue of the Samatian Population Genetic Composotion in the Lower Volga Region (Paleogenetic Data) by Pilipenko A.S., Cherdantsev S.V., Trapezov R.O., Tomilin M.A., Balabanova M.A., Pristyazhnyuk M.S., Zhuravlev A.A. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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