ALBOROVA D.G., KOYBAEV B.G., GALKINA E.V. Non-Use of Force Agreement as a Factor of Influence on Security Issues in the System of International Relations (On the Example of Georgian-Ossetian Conflict and Conflicts in Europe)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2020.3.11 

Dina G. Alborova

Senior Lecturer, Department of Political Science and Sociology

South Ossetian State University named after A.A. Tibilov

Moskovskaya St., 8, 100001 Tskhinval, Republic of South Ossetia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1870-0166

Boris G. Koybaev

Doctor of Sciences (Politics), Professor, Head of the Department of General History and Historical Political Science

North Ossetian State University after K.L. Khetagurov

Vatutina St., 44-46, 362025 Vladikavkaz, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2841-960X

Elena V. Galkina

Doctor of Sciences (Politics), Professor, Department of Foreign History, Political Science and International Relations

North-Caucasus Federal University

Pushkina St., 1, 355009 Stavropol, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0114-6012


Abstract. Introduction. In recent decades, the issue of security has remained very acute and most pressing in modern international relations. Security is the key word that defines domestic and foreign policies of states in both the Caucasus region and a number of European regions. In the late 80s of the 20th century, the collapse of the Soviet Union was painful, accompanied by the economic collapse, the rupture of socio-economic and political ties, awakening of national identity, which often took the form of nationalistic character. Painful processes took place in Eastern and Southeastern Europe, in the Caucasus, which flamed with conflicts. Owing to ethno political conflicts new state formations appeared.

Methods and materials. This article uses a set of methods for studying international politics, mainly the comparative, systemic, structural and functional ones, as well as methods for analyzing and processing documents, including content analysis. The use of the conflictological paradigm is the main methodological tool of this study. The authors also use the case study method for studying various conflicts (Georgian-Ossetian conflict, in Cyprus, in Bosnia and Herzegovina, in Transdniestria, etc.). The article analyzes the UN Resolutions, treaties, and memorandums relating to the non-use of force in the Georgian-Ossetian conflict and conflicts in Europe.

Analysis. One of the key aspects of regional security in the system of international relations is the issue of signing the Treaty on the Non-Use of Force. This issue has also been discussed at the official site – the Geneva meetings. The South Caucasus is an unstable, conflict-prone region with many problems. Here interests of both world and regional players collide, which cannot influence stability and security in regional international relations positively. Moreover, new challenges are swaying the situation, in particular, in the form of world terrorism and wars in the neighboring Middle East. Each of the countries located in the South Caucasus is fully aware of the need for stable peace and security in the region, but, at the same time, they do not have a common opinion on the issues relating to the mechanisms for achieving this state. As regards, in particular, the Georgian-Ossetian relations, the situation is aggravated by the foreign policy of these countries – while Georgia is taking steps towards European integration and joining NATO, South Ossetia is more and more integrated into the socio-economic and political legal components of the Russian Federation, denoting its strategic partnership with Russia as a guarantee of its own security.

Results. The examples of conflicts in Europe and the Georgian-Ossetian conflict analyzed in the article show that the Agreements on the nonuse of force could serve as a basis for the cease-fire, divorce of the warring parties and the beginning of preparing a platform for the negotiation process. Nevertheless, there is not unequivocal answer to the question of whether such agreements are a guarantee that one of the parties may not violate the agreement and hostilities will not resume again.

Key words: international relations, non-use of force agreement, Georgian-Ossetian conflict, conflicts in Europe, security, parties of the conflict.

Citation. Alborova D.G., Koybaev B.G., Galkina E.V. Non-Use of Force Agreement as a Factor of Influence on Security Issues in the System of International Relations (On the Example of Georgian-Ossetian Conflict and Conflicts in Europe). Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4. Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2020, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 129-139. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2020.3.11 

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Non-Use of Force Agreement as a Factor of Influence on Security Issues in the System of International Relations (On the Example of Georgian-Ossetian Conflict and Conflicts in Europe) by Alborova D.G., Koybaev B.G.,Galkina E.V. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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