TUSHKANOV D.I., TUSHKANOV I.V. 16th Mechanized Brigade of the 7th Mechanized Corps in the Pyatikhat Operation of 1943

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2020.3.6 

Dmitry I. Tushkanov

Candidate of Sciences (History), Associate Professor, Department of State and Law History

Volzhsky Institute of Economics, Pedagogy and Law

Sovetskaya St., 6, 404111 Volzhsky, Russian Federation

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5280-9205

Igor V. Tushkanov

Candidate of Sciences (History), Candidate of Sciences (Jurisprudence), Associate Professor, Acting Head of the Department of Theory and History of Law and State

Volgograd State University

Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8398-5025


Abstract. Introduction. The Pyatikhat offensive operation of the Steppe (2nd Ukrainian) front completes a series of major battles in 1943, but it remains poorly studied, especially on the issue of the actions of individual units (corps, divisions, and brigades).

Methods and materials. Declassification of a large set of archival materials allows gradually eliminating this gap in the historiography of the Great Patriotic War. Conducting an objective analysis of combat logs, comparing them with previously published sources has allowed considering the participation of the 16th mechanized brigade in the first stage of the Pyatikhat operation from October 15 to November 5, 1943.

Analysis. The article discusses the process of forming and training of the brigade in July-September, the breakthrough of the German defense, the liberation of the city of Pyatikhat and other localities from October 15 to 21, 1943, defensive battles on the approaches to Krivoy Rog (from October 21 to November 4, 1943).

Results. For the 16th mechanized brigade formed in summer 1943, participation in this operation was a real baptism of fire. Together with other brigades of the 7th mechanized corps, it actively participated in the liberation of the city of Pyatikhatka and other localities. At the same time, soldiers of the brigade showed mass heroism, breaking through the defense of the Nazis and destroying enemy’s equipment. Then, retreating slightly under the counterattacks of fresh German units, the 16th MB steadfastly and courageously defended the lines assigned to it. The analysis of the ratio of losses of the brigades personnel and similar damage to the enemy shows that in the Pyatikhat operation, the 16th mechanized brigade performed its task with high efficiency, and most of its officers proved themselves competent commanders and courageous soldiers.

Key word: Great Patriotic War, Lower Dnieper strategic offensive operation, Pyatikhat operation, 7th mechanized corps, 16th mechanized brigade.

Citation. Tushkanov D.I., Tushkanov I.V. 16th Mechanized Brigade of the 7th Mechanized Corps in the Pyatikhat Operation of 1943. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4. Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2020, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 66-76. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2020.3.6 

Лицензия Creative Commons

16th Mechanized Brigade of the 7th Mechanized Corps in the Pyatikhat Operation of 1943 by Tushkanov D.I., Tushkanov I.V. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Attachments:
Download this file (1_Tushkanov_Tushkanov.pmd.pdf) 1_Tushkanov_Tushkanov.pmd.pdf
URL: https://hfrir.jvolsu.com/index.php/en/component/attachments/download/2242
163 Downloads