PUSHKINA D.B. Liberal Arts and Science University and the Global Challenges of the 21st Century

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2020.2.21 

Darya B. Pushkina

Ph.D. (Government and Politics) (University of Maryland, USA), Associate Professor,

Department of Problems of Interdisciplinary Synthesis in the Field of Social and Human Sciences, St. Petersburg University,

Galernaya St., 58-60, 190000 Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation

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Abstract. Introduction. Over the last 30 years, the educational model based on liberal arts and sciences has spread beyond its traditional United States to other parts of the world. However, recently, many liberal arts and science universities face a challenge: due to the pressures of the fast developing world, young people prefer more STEMs (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) oriented universities. The paper addresses the following question: How have private liberal arts universities adjusted to the global challenges of the 21st century?

Methods and Materials. This paper conducts a case study of one of American leading private small universities – Reed College (Portland, Oregon, USA) by using reports on and studies of liberal arts universities and its graduates; interviews with students, faculty and administration of Reed College as well as academic writings on the subject. Paper examines the Reed College curriculum, faculty and student body, examines evidence from the current Reed faculty, student body and alumni, as well as the information about jobs that Reed alums land.

Analysis. In the process of analysis, the paper discusses as to whether this adaptation has led to giving up on some of Reed College traditional principles. The role of international partnerships / programs in this process is analyzed.

Results. The paper demonstrates that Reed College has been adapting to the global challenges of the 21st century by keeping its main focus on individual learning, research collaboration between faculty and students as well as expanding its majors to reflect the demands of the time, staying financially sound by incorporating alumni donations, and engaging internationally.

Key words: university, higher education, model of liberal sciences and arts, global challenges, 21st century.

Citation. Pushkina D.B. Liberal Arts and Science University and the Global Challenges of the 21st Century. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4. Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2020, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 284-293. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2020.2.21.

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Liberal Arts and Science University and the Global Challenges of the 21st Century by Pushkina D.B. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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