BOLDYREVA S.Yu., BOLDYREV R.Yu., BELOSHITSKAYA N.N. Federal University’s Role in the Implementation of the Russian Federation “Soft Power” Conception in Central Asia (The Case of Northern (Arctic) Federal University Named After M.V. Lomonosov)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2020.2.16 

Slavyana Yu. Boldyreva

Candidate of Sciences (History), Associate Professor,

Department of Regional Studies, International Relations and Political Sciences, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov,

Severnoy Dviny Emb., 17, 163002 Arkhangelsk, Russian Federation

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0677-6312 

Roman Yu. Boldyrev

Candidate of Sciences (History), Associate Professor,

World History Department, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov,

Severnoy Dviny Emb., 17, 163002 Arkhangelsk, Russian Federation

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

ttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4262-7285 

Nataliya N. Beloshitskaya

Candidate of Sciences (Philology), Associate Professor,

Department of the English Language, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov,

Severnoy Dviny Emb., 17, 163002 Arkhangelsk, Russian Federation

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0899-1828 


Abstract. Introduction. Currently the notion of the “soft power” is perceived as an effective way of nation’s non-forcible influence on other countries with a view to implement one’s own objectives. Suchlike implementation is confined to particular spheres to form a positive image of the nation. Higher education today is one of the most efficient instruments of the “soft power” implementation in the countries of Central Asia, for it allows securing friendly political and economic elite as well as enhancing the quality of labour migrants to the Russian Federation. The aim of the research is to analyze particular features of the “soft power” implementation in the domain of higher education in case with the region of Central Asia on the example of Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (the city of Arkhangelsk, Russia, henceforth NArFU).

Methods and materials. The study is based on systematic and comparative approaches to the analysis of the Russian “soft power” strategy in the domain of higher education. The study in hand also draws on general approaches to the “soft power” implementation in the region of Central Asia. The main sources for the analysis are annual reports on implementing the NArFU programme of development. These reports pay a great deal of attention to academic recruiting and academic mobility.

Analysis. The Central Asia region is crucial from the view point of Russia’s interests. The region is rich in hydrocarbon deposits, it boasts a great transit potential in international trade, and this is the region where the biggest number of migrants come from to Russia. For these reasons Russia is strengthening its “soft power” influence on Central Asian countries in general and in the sphere of higher education in particular. From the very day of the NArFU foundation in 2010, the region of Central Asia has been considered as a high-priority region. The example of NArFU demonstrates that the number of international students in the total number of full-cycle students has risen by 8.4 times, wherein the growth is secured mainly by students from Central Asian countries. Central Asian students’ percentage of the total number of international students is 82–89.3%. The percentage of students from the region in question, doing short-term educational programmes is also high – 49.5–61.4%. Diverse mechanisms are exploited to attract would-be students to NArFU: agreements with educational establishments of the region; visits of NArFU’s representatives (both lecturers and students) to the region; NArFU’s participation in international exhibitions on education; presenting NArFU’s educational programmes on the basis of “Rossotrudnichestvo” regional offices; inviting school graduates to study within the quota for fellow-countrymen residing abroad; arranging off-site university testing and multi-disciplinary intellectual contests; higher educational allowances and medical insurance compensation; active promotion with the help of social media. The international Friendship Club and the team of tutors were set up to ensure better social and cultural adaptation, regular events and excursions take place on the same purpose.

Results. Despite the fact that there is no general state-level integral concept on attracting school graduates from the countries of Central Asia to the universities of Russia, NArFU managed to occupy the niche on the educational market of the region. University’s administration has been pursuing a clear course towards attracting would-be students from Central Asia, exploiting a wide range of mechanisms to enhance academic recruiting, relying upon the advantages of Arkhangelsk region in the sphere of migrants’ adaptation. Over the recent ten years the factors mentioned above have brought about more than eight times growth of students from the region of Central Asia in NArFU.

Key words: “soft power”, diplomacy, higher education, Central Asia, NArFU named after M.V. Lomonosov.

Citation. Boldyreva S.Yu., Boldyrev R.Yu., Beloshitskaya N.N. Federal University’s Role in the Implementation of the Russian Federation “Soft Power” Conception in Central Asia (The Case of Northern (Arctic) Federal University Named After M.V. Lomonosov). Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4. Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2020, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 223-232. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2020.2.16.

Лицензия Creative Commons

Federal University’s Role in the Implementation of the Russian Federation “Soft Power” Conception in Central Asia (The Case of Northern (Arctic) Federal University Named After M.V. Lomonosov) by Boldyreva S.Yu., Boldyrev R.Yu., Beloshitskaya N.N. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Attachments:
Download this file (5_Boldyreva.pdf) 5_Boldyreva.pdf
URL: https://hfrir.jvolsu.com/index.php/en/component/attachments/download/2216
88 Downloads