VYBORNOV A.A., VASILYEVA I.N., KULKOVA M.A., OINONEN M., POSSNERT G., NESTEROVA L.A. About Ancient Ceramic Traditions of the Population of the Northern Caspian Region

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2020.1.12 

Aleksandr A. Vybornov

Doctor of Sciences (History), Professor, Head of the Department of Russian History and Archaeology,

Samara State University of Social Sciences and Education,

M. Gorkogo St., 65/67, 443099 Samara, Russian Federation

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3893-2933 

Irina N. Vasilyeva

Candidate of Sciences (History), Senior Researcher,

Laboratory of Archaeology, Samara State University of Social Sciences and Education,

M. Gorkogo St., 65/67, 443099 Samara, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0808-1285 

Marianna A. Kulkova

Candidate of Sciences (Geology and Mineralogy), Associate Professor,

Department of Geology and Geoecology, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia,

r. Moyki Emb., 48/1, 191186 Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9946-8751 

Мarkku Oinonen

Doctor of Sciences, Professor, Head of the Radiocarbon Laboratory,

University of Helsinki,

Gustaf Hallstremin St., 2, FL-00014 Helsinki, Finland

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0881-7643 

Göran Possnert

Doctor of Sciences, Professor, Head of the Radiocarbon Laboratory,

University of Uppsala,

Box 529, SE-751 20 Uppsala, Sweden

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4840-291X 

Larisa A. Nesterova

Candidate of Sciences (Geography), Associate Professor,

Department of Physical Geography and Nature Management, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia,

r. Moyki Emb, 48/1, 191186 Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9062-6880 


Abstract. Introduction. The territory of the Northern Caspian region plays an important role in the study of the Neolithic of Eastern Europe. The main criterion of this period is clay pottery. One of the difficult issues is the time of the ceramic technology appearance.

Methods and materials. The study of the pottery technology of the Neolithic population of the Northern Caspian region is carried out in the framework of the historical and cultural approach to the study of ceramics, according to the method of A. Bobrinsky. The technique is based on binocular microscopy, tracology and experiment in the form of physical modeling. The basis for identifying technological traces on ceramics is the comparative analysis of the vessels under study with the base of standards. It is made by means of physical modeling in field and laboratory conditions. The age of the Neolithic monuments was determined using traditional methods in radiocarbon laboratories in Russia and Ukraine, as well as using AMS at universities in Sweden and Finland.

Analysis. Over the past 10 years, more than 68 radiocarbon dates on different materials such as charcoal, bones, organics from ceramics, charred crusts, humus have been obtained. They give the possibility to determine the time of appearance and spread of the earliest pottery in the Northern Caspian region. This is the middle 7th millennium BC. The chronological framework for the development of the Neolithic in the Northern Caspian region is ca. 6600–5500 BC. The paper establishes the main and specific features of ceramic traditions.

Results.The technical and technological analysis allows to reveal the genesis, the features of dynamics and further development of pottery in this region. The complex of results obtained allows to attribute the Neolithic sites of the Caspian region to the earliest pottery areal in Eastern Europe.

Key words: Northern Caspian region, Neolithic, radiocarbon dating, historical and cultural approach, technical and technological analysis of ceramics.

Citation. Vybornov A.A., Vasilyeva I.N., Kulkova M.A., Oinonen M., Possnert G., Nesterova L.A. About Ancient Ceramic Traditions of the Population of the Northern Caspian Region. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4. Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2020, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 141-151. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2020.1.12.

Лицензия Creative Commons

About Ancient Ceramic Traditions of the Population of the Northern Caspian Region by Vybornov A.A., Vasilyeva I.N., Kulkova M.A., Oinonen M., Possnert G., Nesterova L.A. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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