OMUROVA J.O. Сooperation of the Kyrgyz Republic with the Chinese People’s Republic Within the Framework of the “One Belt – One Way” Project


Jamyikat O. Omurova

Candidate of Sciences (History), Associate Professor,

Regional and Kyrgyz Studies Department, Kyrgyz National University named after Jusup Balasagyn,

Frunze St., 547, 720033 Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract. Introduction. The article presents the author’s interpretation of the Kyrgyz-Chinese cooperation within the framework of “One Belt – One Way” (OBOW) strategy. On the basis of the studied materials, the author analyzes positive and negative factors and problems of implementing “One Belt – One Way” project between the two countries. The researcher pays particular attention to the prospects of the project in creating favorable conditions for close economic ties between the regions of the two countries that lie along the Silk Road.

Methods. The historical and legal, comparative and other methods form the theoretical and methodological basis of the article. The historiography of the issue – the consideration of Chinese “One Belt – One Way” strategy in the Kyrgyz Republic by foreign and Kyrgyz scientists and expert communities – is a direct object of the study.

Analysis. The activity of the Chinese OBOW initiative should be considered in the context of the integration of the Kyrgyz Republic into the world community, thereby determining its place and role, its political and legal system. Many Western and Russian scientists believe that the main tool for promoting the Chinese strategy in relations with partners is the provision of loans, which cannot but cause concern and discussion around the OBOW project. The main debatable dominants in the analysis of facts and analytics are investment, trade and economic, transport and infrastructure directions, and mining industry.

Results. The results of the study show that the potential areas for expanding the Chinese presence in Kyrgyzstan will remain transport and communications, mining, hydropower, etc. In Kyrgyzstan, the Chinese OBOW initiative is treated differently, there are a lot of positive and negative opinions concerning it. First, the OBOW project is perceived as a competitor to the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) in Eurasia. Second, the migration flows of Chinese citizens are increasing every year, the “Chinese demographic threat” is growing every year, and the people of Kyrgyzstan are concerned about this issue. Third, environmental safety, the safety of life and health of people, flora and fauna, the environment and others are also concerned. Fourth, the corruption of some Chinese companies creates a negative opinion of citizens.

Key words: Kyrgyzstan, China, Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), “One Belt – One Way”, economy, strategy, integration, investment, cooperation, dominance.

Citation. Omurova J.O. Сooperation of the Kyrgyz Republic with the Chinese People’s Republic Within the Framework of the “One Belt – One Way” Project. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4. Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2019, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 236-249. (in Russian). DOI:

Лицензия Creative Commons

Сooperation of the Kyrgyz Republic with the Chinese People’s Republic Within the Framework of the “One Belt – One Way” Project by Omurova J.O. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Download this file (3_Omurova.pmd.pdf) 3_Omurova.pmd.pdf