BIRYUKOV S.V., BARSUKOV A.M. Italy-2018: The Triumph of Populism and Prospects of Exit from the Political Crisis

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2019.3.17

Sergey V. Biryukov

Doctor of Sciences (Politics), Professor, Researcher,

Centre for Russian Studies, East China Normal University,

North Zhongshan Road, 3663, 200062 Shanghai, China

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https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4071-0464

Alexander M. Barsukov

Candidate of Sciences (Politics), Deputy Dean of the Faculty of Politics and International Relations,

Siberian Institute of Management, Branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration,

Nizhegorodskaya St., 6, 630102 Novosibirsk, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7768-0097


Abstract. Introduction. The article is devoted to the origins, grounds and possible consequences of the political crisis in modern Italy. The paper shows that the Italian crisis has acquired a scale that challenges the interests of political establishment of the country and the very principles of the EU existence.

Methods and materials. The authors seek a combination of General theoretical and special methods, focusing on the historical, socio-cultural and political analysis. They are based on the analysis of periodicals, as well as using articles and materials of researchers on the problems of political development in Italy.

Analysis. The source of the crisis is the protest of citizens against the state authority and strategies of the political class of Italy, which is accompanied by the requirement of institutional reforms and socio-economic policy for benefit of the majority, in order to establish new political rules and form a truly legitimate political mechanism. These demands came from various social groups and led to a number of political and legal transformations, culminating in the “populist government”, which came to power as a result of the parliamentary elections of 2018. The “Populist government” intended to revise many previous approaches in domestic and foreign policy. It is the Alliance of the right-wing and left-wing populists that was entrusted by Italian society with necessary reforms.

Results. According to the authors, it is political populism as a possible platform for social and political transformations, along with a number of possible risks, that contains a positive potential associated with the possibility of overcoming ideological divisions, corporate selfishness of Italian politicians and parties, as well as alienation in the relations of the power and society. This approach to resolving issues by the “populist government” will contribute to the gradual resolution of the problems that have caused the long-term political crisis in Italy.

Key words: Italy, political crisis, parties, establishment, populism, reforms, sociocultural contradictions, cultural inversion.

Citation. Biryukov S.V., Barsukov A.M. Italy-2018: The Triumph of Populism and Prospects of Exit from the Political Crisis. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4. Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2019, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 191-204. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2019.3.17.

Лицензия Creative Commons

Italy-2018: The Triumph of Populism and Prospects of Exit from the Political Crisis by Biryukov S.V., Barsukov A.M. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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