TAUSENDFREUND D., TIMOFEEVA N.P., EVDOKIMOVA T.V. Forced Labor in Nazi Germany: Online Archive of Interviews and Related Educational Online Platform

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2019.1.16

Doris Tausendfreund

Doctor of History,

Center für Digitale Systeme, Freie Universität Berlin,

Ihnestraße, 24, 14195 Berlin, Germany

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https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2211-399X

Natalya P. Timofeeva

Candidate of Sciences (History), Head of Educational and Research Center for Oral History,

Voronezh Institute of High Technologies,

Lenina St., 73a, 394043 Voronezh, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5368-6144

Tatyana V. Evdokimova

Doctor of Sciences (History), Professor, Head of Department of World History and Methods of Teaching History and Social Science,

Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University,

Prosp. Lenina, 27, 400066 Volgograd, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0017-1363


Abstract. Introduction.The article deals with the problem of forced labor in Nazi Germany during the Second World War. Despite the existence of profound scientific publications devoted to this problem in Russia and abroad, it still needs to be developed. The article emphasizes the urgency of its research in historical, anthropological and humanities perspective, because personal experience of those who survived after forced labor in Nazi Germany, must be stored in collective memory and comprehended by subsequent generations.

Methods and materials. Digital Humanities based on the method of oral history allows to solve this problem. The article presents two options of practical implementation of the issue: the online archive of the interview Forced Labor in 1939-1945. Memories and history and related online platform Learning based on interviews. Forced labor in 1939-1945. The archive includes about 600 narrative biographical interviews with victims of Nazi forced labor in 26 countries. The site accompanying the archive is now available in English, German, Russian and Czech. The second project is based on six specially selected interviews from the archive. Broad source base and nationally-oriented concept of forced labor in Nazi Germany, presented on the platform, create the historical context necessary for using this resource primarily in the secondary educational system of the Russian Federation.

Analysis and results. The article shows the possibility of using archive-interviews in science and education, and emphasizes that traditional and new methods of historical research can complement each other. The article emphasizes that biographical films created on the basis of interviews can make the memory of forced labor in Nazi Germany, first of all, of “eastern workers” and Soviet prisoners of war more visible in Russian cultural memory. Contribution of authors to writing an article. Characteristics of peculiarity of oral historical sources, online collections of interviews, compensation payments are given by D. Thousendfreund. Analytics of the project “Forced Labor 1939-1945. Memoirs and History “and online platform” Learning based on interviews. Forced labor 1939-1945”, as well as conclusions are prepared by N.P. Timofeev. Introduction, problem historiography and general editing of the article belong to T.V. Evdokimova.

Key words: forced labor, Nazi Germany, World War II, oral history, narrative-biographical interview, digital humanities, online archive, online platform.

Citation. Tausendfreund D., Timofeeva N.P., Evdokimova T.V. Forced Labor in Nazi Germany: Online Archive of Interviews and Related Educational Online Platform. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4, Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2019, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 183-195. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2019.1.16.

Лицензия Creative Commons

Forced Labor in Nazi Germany: Online Archive of Interviews and Related Educational Online Platform by Tausendfreund D., Timofeeva N.P., Evdokimova T.V. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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