KOVALEVA K.S. The Results of Studying the Technique of Making Golden Horde Products Made of Non-Ferrous Metals (from the Collection of the Volgograd Regional Museum of Local Lore)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2019.1.5

Kseniya S. Kovaleva

Postgraduate Student,

Institute of Archaeology, RAS,

Dm. Ulyanova St., 19, 117036 Moscow, Russian Federation;

Researcher of Laboratory of Archaeological Research,

Volgograd State University,

Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5429-1072


Abstract. Introduction. The article is devoted to the results of tracing research of things made of non-ferrous metals from the collections of Tsarevskoe, Vodyanskoe, and Mechetnoe settlements, stored in the funds of the Volgograd regional museum of local lore.

Method. The author used the method of tracing. The digital microscope DigiMicro 2.0. was used to record the results of observation.

Analysis. The author studied 63 products and allocated two large groups: 1) cast products and 2) forged products. The study fixed the following operations for cast products: the use of open and closed molds, casting in composite forms, casting by the smelted model, by the impression, liner casting. In group 2, the following methods of forging were singled out: forming forging, punching, drawing and forging of wire, bending, drawing, twisting, hacking, cutting. Soldering was used to connect the elements. After forming, most of the products passed the subsequent processing associated with the removal of defects (primarily post-casting) and the application of decor (hammering, engraving, stamping, polishing). In addition, the decor could be formed during the creation of the mold (cast decor).

Results. As a result of the study, it was noted the use of a wide range of techniques and operations with a comparative technological simplicity for most products. It was also noticed that a few things have been specially prepared for the processing, and it demonstrates the use of secondary raw materials.

Key words: Golden Horde cities, bronze casting, tracing analysis, casting, forging.

Citation. Kovaleva K.S. The Results of Studying the Technique of Making Golden Horde Products Made of Non-Ferrous Metals (from the Collection of the Volgograd Regional Museum of Local Lore). Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4, Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2019, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 61-74. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2019.1.5.

Лицензия Creative Commons

The Results of Studying the Technique of Making Golden Horde Products Made of Non-Ferrous Metals (from the Collection of the Volgograd Regional Museum of Local Lore) by Kovaleva K.S. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Attachments:
Download this file (5Kovaleva.pmd.pdf) 5Kovaleva.pmd.pdf
URL: https://hfrir.jvolsu.com/index.php/en/component/attachments/download/1871
220 Downloads