NIZAMUTDINOVA O.V. The Modern Interfaith Relations in Egypt


Oksana V. Nizamutdinova

Postgraduate Student,

Department of Altai Studies and China Studies, Kazan Federal University,

Pushkina St., 1/55, 420111 Kazan, Russian Federation

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Abstract.  Introduction. This paper deals with the dynamics of changes in relations between followers of Christianity and Islam in Egypt since the 1970s. The relevance of our research consists in the fact that the aforementioned world religions play a significant role in the formation of Egyptians’ mindset and the predestination of their behavior. The novelty of the topic is associated with the attempt to speak about the problem of interfaith relations in the light of main “players’ view”. The list of players includes the State, the Coptic Orthodox Church, the Muslim Brotherhood Movement and other Islamic institutions under presidential control. The research is aimed at analyzing the interfaith relations in Egypt over the last fifty years in order to determine their current status. To achieve this goal, we consistently solved a number of tasks. At first, we found out prerequisites of problem’s emergence, then we described interests of each group, considered their activity and made general implications. Methods. For complex study of the role of the State and religious structures, we have applied an institutional research method. A historical and a system method allowed us to comprehend a genesis of the question and show how internal and external factors affect these institutions. Results. We’ve made the conclusion that the main impact on interfaith relations was made by authoritarian leader who specified their evolution in a favorable way for him. The official Islamic clerics get benefits from the President and therefore do not criticize his power. The Coptic Orthodox Church also collaborates with the State under the threat of terroristic attacks. The Muslim Brotherhood Movement shows independent views, so it can condemn or support President’s decisions based on their vision of the role of religion in the country. Thus, in the 21st century, the choice between Secularization and Islamization will became principal for Egypt’s development.

Key words: interfaith dialogue, religious policy, the Coptic Orthodox Church, al-Azhar University, the Muslim Brotherhood Movement, Islam, Christianity.

Citation. Nizamutdinova O.V. The Modern Interfaith Relations in Egypt. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4, Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2018, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 164-172. (in Russian). DOI:

Лицензия Creative Commons

The Modern Interfaith Relations in Egypt by Nizamutdinova O.V. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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