ALYAEV V.A., ALYAEV M.V. Sectoral and Territorial Changes in the Economy of the Stalingrad Region in 1940-1943

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2018.1.14 

Vladimir A. Alyaev

Candidate of Sciences (Geography), Associate Professor,

Department of Geography and Cartography, Volgograd State University,

Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3742-9444 

Mikhail V. Alyaev

Candidate of Sciences (History), Associate Professor, Dean,

Volgograd Cooperative Institute – Branch of Russian University of Cooperation,

Novosibirskaya St., 76, 400002 Volgograd, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3732-2487 


Abstract. The paper deals with historical, economic and geographical features of sectoral and territorial consequences of the impact of military actions on the national economy in the Stalingrad region. The authors consider approaches to the management of the economy of the RSFSR in the prewar and postwar periods, their peculiarities and differences. The elements of monitoring the accounting of destruction caused by the military actions in sectoral and territorial aspects are identified. The use of archival sources, including the archives introduced into academic circulation for the first time, allows to investigate the reduction in the most important indicators of industrial production and agriculture of the region for the period of 1940–1943.

In particular, the dynamics of production volumes at the industrial sites of the region, the number of people employed in the industry with specific companies during 1941–1943 were studied.

The special attention is paid to such key parameters of agricultural production as acreage, the number of working and productive livestock. Territorial differences in the changes of agricultural production in administrative districts in 1940–1946 are identified. The effect of mobilization of men and equipment to the agricultural productivity is studied. Based on statistical reports, the extent of damage to educational institutions and health care is determined.

The main indicators of socio-economic status of urban and rural population in comparison with the prewar period (taking into account monetary and natural income residents of the region) are analyzed. Special attention is also paid to the study of the impact of military operations on the railway and vehicular transport infrastructure, which had played a key role in the Victory of the Soviet troops at Stalingrad and in the postwar reconstruction of the national economy.

Key words: Great Patriotic War, Stalingrad Battle, postwar recovery of the national economy, industry, agriculture.

Citation. Alyaev V.A., Alyaev M.V. Sectoral and Territorial Changes in the Economy of the Stalingrad Region in 1940-1943. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4, Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2018, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 144-155. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2018.1.14.

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Sectoral and Territorial Changes in the Economy of the Stalingrad Region in 1940-1943 by Alyaev V.A., Alyaev M.V. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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