KUZNETSOV O.V. Ways Of Russian Thought by V.A. Kitaev: to Scholar’s Jubilee

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2017.6.18

Oleg V. Kuznetsov

Candidate of Sciences (History), Associate Professor,

Department of History of Russia, Volgograd State University,

Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation

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Abstract. The article is dedicated to the 75th anniversary of Vladimir Kitaev, Doctor of historical sciences, first Dean of the Faculty of History at the Volgograd State University. Today V. Kitaev is a recognized expert on the history of Russian public thought and Professor of the Nizhny Novgorod State University. The article focuses on one of the most important, in the author’s opinion, outcome of long-term V. Kitaev’s studies of the history of Russian public thought of the 19th century – identifying the attempts of synthesis of its main directions: liberal, socialist, conservative. The desire for this synthesis was expressed by representatives of various trends of public thought, who wanted to avoid the revolutionary upheavals. V. Kitaev notes intertwining of both elements of liberalism and conservatism from M. Shcherbatov, who stood at the origins of Russian conservatism. In the pursuit of one of the ideologues of Russian liberalism, K. Kavelin reconciled the assumptions of Slavophilism and Westernism. V. Kitaev rightly saw a reflection of the heterogeneity of its ideological positions, representing a complex set of liberal and conservative elements. Taking into account the political and ideological self-evaluations of B. Chicherin (“guarding” liberalism), V. Kitaev proposed to consider him as a thinker and publicist, liberal-conservative centre left free to drift in the coordinate system. As shown by a scholar, a strong influence of socialist ideas was determined by the position of the liberal Vestnik Evropy (‘Herald of Europe’), the historical justice of which demands to put the formation of social liberalism in Russia in the beginning. The share of Russia is already fallen revolutions “from below” and revolutions “from above”. The Ways of Russian thought by V. Kitaev leads to a synthesis of the best intellectual legacy that we inherited from the nineteenth century. Maybe this is the way to our national reconciliation and unity.

Key words: 19th century, history of Russian public thought, liberalism, conservatism, socialism, traditionalism.

Citation. Kuznetsov O.V. Ways Of Russian Thought by V.A. Kitaev: to Scholar’s Jubilee. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija 4, Istorija. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2017, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 178-181. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2017.6.18.

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Ways Of Russian Thought by V.A. Kitaev: to Scholar’s Jubilee by Kuznetsov O.V. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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