SAVELYEV D.L., CHERNYSHEV A.A. Evaluation of Military-Revolutionary Events in the Urals in 1918-1921 in the Works of White Emigrant Authors

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2017.6.16

Dmitriy L. Savelyev

Candidate of Sciences (History), Associate Professor,

Department of State and Municipal Management, Tyumen State University,

Volodarskogo St., 6, 625003 Tyumen, Russia Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4890-1217

Aleksandr A. Chernyshev

Candidate of Sciences (History), Associate Professor,

Department of State and Municipal Management, Tyumen State University,

Volodarskogo St., 6, 625003 Tyumen, Russia Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5904-8936


Abstract. The article presents a source-study of the historical memoirs of the research representatives of the white emigration, devoted to the assessment of events in the Urals in the years of revolution and civil war; comparative analysis of research objects and facts contained in the work from the standpoint of axiological approach.

The set of sources, subjected to analysis, includes both memoir-genre documents of the leaders of the white movement and the multi-volume collections published abroad and dedicated to the history of revolutionary movement and events of the civil war.

The great number of publications on the history of the revolutionary events in the Urals reflects the core nature of the period of strengthening the power of the Bolsheviks in the history of Soviet Russia. The research approaches prevailing in Soviet historiography, proceeded from the need of legitimation of the Bolsheviks’ power, which influenced the choice of topics for historical research and the involvement of relevant source base. The change of the vector of historical research of the revolutionary military crisis that demanded expansion of the number and types of sources, reflecting the views and positions of the representatives of the warring parties. In this regard, the the factual content of historical memoirs of white emigrant participants of the revolutionary events, is invaluable.

Documentary evidence contained in the works of the representatives of the white emigration, significantly broaden our understanding of the working methods of the Bolsheviks to strengthen their political influence, the development of Cossack movement in the Urals. The work, devoted to the causes and content of mass anti-Bolshevik speeches by the Ural workers, deserves special attention.

Historical sketches and memoirs of the representatives of the white emigration are extremely diverse in terms of content and level of historical generalizations. However, the information contained in these documents allows us to give a more objective assessment of the events of socio-political transformation of the Russian society in the framework of a revolutionary transition.

Key words: memoirs, civil war, counterrevolutionary movement in the Urals, white movement, Komuch, Ural Cossack Army, Czechoslovak Corps, insurgent army.

Citation. Savelyev D.L., Chernyshev A.A. Evaluation of Military-Revolutionary Events in the Urals in 1918- 1921 in the Works of White Emigrant Authors. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4, Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2017, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 163-171. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2017.6.16.

Лицензия Creative Commons

Evaluation of Military-Revolutionary Events in the Urals in 1918-1921 in the Works of White Emigrant Authors by Savelyev D.L., Chernyshev A.A. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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