TIMOFEEVA E.G., LEBEDEV S.V., BOLOTOVA E.Yu. Foreign War Prisoners in the Astrakhan Province in the Years of the First World War and the Russian Revolution

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2017.6.11

Elena G. Timofeeva

Doctor of Sciences (History), Professor, Dean of Faculty of History,

Astrakhan State University,

Tatishcheva St., 20a, 414056 Astrakhan, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7761-3812

Sergey V. Lebedev

Candidate of Sciences (History), Associate Professor,

Department of History of Russia, Astrakhan State University,

Tatishcheva St., 20a, 414056 Astrakhan, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0619-6169

Elena Yu. Bolotova

Doctor of Sciences (History), Professor, Head of Department of Russian History and Local History Education, Dean of Faculty of Historical and Legal Education,

Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University,

Prosp. Lenina, 27, 400066 Volgograd, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6432-2373


Abstract. The article is devoted to the study of various aspects of military captivity, which became a mass phenomenon (“mass experience”) in the years of the First World War and the revolutionary events in Russia and which influenced both the individual fate of war prisoners and different sides of the development of society. The article presents data on the number of war prisoners located in the years of war and revolution on the territory of the Astrakhan province, their categories and ethnic composition. The majority of war prisoners were soldiers of the German, Austro-Hungarian armies. The largest number of war prisoners on the territory of the province was recorded in May 1918. On the basis of documentary material, most of which is first introduced in the scientific use, the war prisoners’ accommodation, provision of clothing, food, medical care is researched. The placement of the contingent of war prisoners and their number depended on the needs of the region in labour force. War prisoners were sent to work on the municipal facilities in the provincial center and district towns, were attached to joint-stock and private enterprises, worked as doctors and paramedics in hospitals.

The situation of war prisoners fully depended on socio-economic and political situation in the country. The problems of supply of war prisoners with clothing and food aggravated with the economic and political crisis in the country as well as rising prices and were common to all categories of population who needed support. The deterioration of living conditions led to increase in diseases, epidemics and deaths among the prisoners. Local authorities made efforts to supply war prisoners with food and provide with higher wages and hospitals. After the events of February 1917 there were hopes for mitigation of the regime of war prisoners, but visible improvement did not follow and the weakening supervision of war prisoners resulted in the growth of prison breaks.

Key words: the First World War, Astrakhan province, war prisoners, camp for war prisoners, revolution, hospital, epidemic, food issue.

Citation. Timofeeva E.G., Lebedev S.V., Bolotova E.Yu. Foreign War Prisoners in the Astrakhan Province in the Years of the First World War and the Russian Revolution. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija 4, Istorija. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2017, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 110-121. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2017.6.11.

Лицензия Creative Commons

Foreign War Prisoners in the Astrakhan Province in the Years of the First World War and the Russian Revolution by Timofeeva E.G., Lebedev S.V., Bolotova E.Yu. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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