VTORUSHIN M.I. The Socio-Political Crisis of the Siberian Region in the Post-February Period of the 1917 Revolution

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2017.6.6

Mikhail I. Vtorushin

Сandidate of Sciences (History), Senior Lecturer,

Department of State, Municipal Administration and Customs Management, Omsk State Technical University,

Prosp. Mira, 11, 644050 Omsk, Russian Federation

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Abstract. The paper considers the problem of the Siberian region general crisis of the 1917 spring. The internal and external contradictions of the transformation process of socio-economic and political relations in Siberia are examined in terms of the post-February all- Russian revolutionary crisis development. The understanding of the socio-political Russian crisis in the spring of 1917, emerging after the February political coup, is essential in studying the revolutionary соnversion process of the early twentieth century Russian society, as this crisis has generally become the turning point in the country’s history and objectively led to the October political coup. The Russian revolutionary crisis constituents, its foreign and domestic manifestations require careful investigation in the issue formulation presented in the paper. The development specifics of the revolutionary crisis in the spring of 1917 in the trans-Uralian agricultural colony of the Russian Empire is of scientific interest, as well as the finding of its anti-crisis development scenarios in the paper presented period. The development of the nationwide crisis in Russia in the early twentieth century, due to the complex and contradictory processes of Russian society modernization in completing the industrial civilization and transition to the imperialist development stage, was complicated by the “Siberian historical issues” in the Siberian region. A set of these issues include the incompleteness of the regional peasantry land management, the contradictions between the old peasantry and Stolypin migrants, and also between the peasantry and the privileged regional Cossacks, the agricultural products export problems from Siberia to domestic and foreign markets, or marketing crisis, the contradictions between the regional and metropolis bourgeoisie, or the issue of the Siberians economic inequality, the local industry underdevelopment and the complete dependence of the local population on the factory products supplying from European Russia, or supply crisis, the lack of a country council, or the administrative inequality of Siberia as a colony and metropolis, etc. During the First World War, these problems worsened and led Siberia to a revolutionary situation. Started in Russia in February 1917, the revolution was an attempt to solve the “Siberian historical issues” personally by the regional population, whose social activity ultimately led to an acute socio political crisis of Siberia, which became a part of the national post-February revolutionary crisis.

Key words: crisis, colony, Siberian region, February revolution, provisional government, regionalism, polyarchy.

Citation. Vtorushin M.I. The Socio-Political Crisis of the Siberian Region in the Post-February Period of the 1917 Revolution. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4, Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2017, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 58-68. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2017.6.6.

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The Socio-Political Crisis of the Siberian Region in the Post-February Period of the 1917 Revolution by Vtorushin M.I. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. 

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