KARCHAGIN Е.V., TOKAREVA S.B., YAVORSKIY D.R. The Concept of Justice in the History of the Early Byzantine Thought (4th–7th Centuries)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2017.5.20

Evgeniy V. Karchagin

Candidate of Sciences (Philosophy), Associate Professor,

Department of Philosophy, Sociology and Psychology, Volgograd State Technical University,

Akademicheskaya St., 1, 400074 Volgograd, Russian Federation

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http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7398-9292

Svetlana B. Tokareva

Doctor of Sciences (Philosophy), Head of Department of Philosophy,

Volgograd State University,

Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation

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http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4274-6444

Dmitriy R. Yavorskiy

Doctor of Sciences (Philosophy), Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of Philosophy and Sociology, Docent,

Volgograd Branch of the Russian Presidentisl Academy of National Economy and Public Administration,

Gagarina St., 8, 400131 Volgograd, Russian Federation

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http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0465-0361


Abstract. The article is devoted to semantic transformation of the concept of ‘justice’ in leading intellectual traditions of early Byzantine period: late Neoplatonism, early Christianity, represented by the Cappadocians Fathers, and Christian Neoplatonism. The analysis of the texts of Proclus and his successors, Basil of Caesarea, Gregory of Nazianzus, Gregory of Nyssa, Dionysius the Areopagite, Maximus the Confessor showed that the preservation of the former and the emergence of new meanings and connotations of the concept of ‘justice’ was due to the specificity of intellectual situation: the adaptation of Christianity to imperial pagan intellectual culture, the shift of the power pole from paganism to Christianity, the expansion and a qualitative change in the members of church communities. The ancient concept of justice as an equivalent exchange, manifested in a society primarily in “distribution by dignity”, in pagan neo-Platonism was transferred from the ethical sphere to the ontological sphere, and in the Christian intellectual tradition it was filled with theological reflections of incomprehensible divine justice, and new understanding of justice as righteousness, i.e. an unconditional fulfillment of the duties entrusted by God.

Key words: Early Byzantine intellectual tradition, justice, mentality, Neoplatonism, Cappadocian Fathers, Christian Neoplatonism.

Citation. Karchagin Е.V., Tokareva S.B., Yavorskiy D.R. The Concept of Justice in the History of the Early Byzantine Thought (4th–7th Centuries). Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4, Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2017, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 214-226 (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2017.5.20.

Лицензия Creative Commons

The Concept of Justice in the History of the Early Byzantine Thought (4th–7th Centuries) by Karchagin Е.V., Tokareva S.B., Yavorskiy D.R. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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