SMIRNOVA O.A., ZOLINA D.M. Conflicts in Tropical Africa: Typology, Reasons, Consequences


Olga A. Smirnova

Candidate of Sciences (Politics), Associate Professor, Head of IMOMI French Centre,

Nizhny Novgorod State University named after N.I. Lobachevsky,

Prosp. Gagarina, 23, 603950 Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation

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Darya M. Zolina

Candidate of Sciences (History),

Boston Consulting Group LLC,

Gasheka St., 6, 125047 Moscow, Russian Federation,

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Abstract. Since 1990s, the number of states conflicts decreased and they started saying that the classical wars disappeared but at the same time, the number of internal conflicts increased dramatically. The end of colonial regime in Africa didn’t bring peace to the region – the new wave of internal conflicts and civil wars overwhelmed the region. In the given article the authors analyze political and complicated socio-economic situation in the Tropical Africa, describe the conflicts in this zone, their typology, results and factors. The authors attempt to analyze internal and external causes of conflicts in the studied region, taking into account all elements of each conflict and their interdependence. The subject of the article is the conflict as the social element presenting the important part of international reality. It is noted that the crisis in the region influences every part of economic, social, and political spheres, so the solution is not possible without structural changes. In this connection, conflicts are the logical results of regional crisis as well as uncertain activity of international society. This situation provokes the large wave of migrants from the region and inside it. The countries the Tropical Africa can’t guarantee any suitable level of life for the citizens, and the situation can’t be resolved without active role of international community.

Key words: state regime, conflicts regulation, security, multi-ethnical societies, peace-making missions.

Citation. Smirnova O.A., Zolina D.M. Conflicts in Tropical Africa: Typology, Reasons, Consequences. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija 4, Istorija. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2017, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 161-168. (in Russian). DOI:

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Conflicts in Tropical Africa: Typology, Reasons, Consequences by Smirnova O.A., Zolina D.M. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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