KRYUCHKOV I.V. The Foreign Policy of Saudi Arabia in the Near East at the Beginning of the 21st Century


Igor V. Kryuchkov

Doctor of Sciences (History), Professor, Head of the Department of Foreign History, Political Science and International Relations,

North-Caucasus Federal University,

Pushkina St., 1, 355009 Stavropol, Russian Federation

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Abstract. The article analyzes the formation of a new foreign policy strategy of Saudi Arabia in conditions of the changing situation in the Middle East after the “Arab spring” and the “nuclear deal” with Iran. It is shown in the article that the instability of domestic policy and economic problems connected with oil price drop have influence on the foreign policy of Saudi Arabia. Struggle with Iran for domination in the region becomes the basis of its policy in the Middle East. The author notes that the complication of relations with the USA also greatly influences the foreign policy of Saudi Arabia. The Kingdom condemned the nuclear program agreement of Iran. Riyadh didn’t manage to neutralize the growth of influence of Iran in Iraq, Lebanon, Syria and Yemen. Riyadh places a bet on B. Asad opponents support in the Syrian conflict aiming to strengthen its positions in the country and to dislodge Iran and Russia from it. Confrontation with Iran forced Saudi Arabia to interfere with the civil war in Yemen and to carry out a successful operation in Bahrein. The article shows the aspiration of Saudi Arabia to withhold Egypt, Jordan and a number of other countries of the region in the sphere of its foreign policy through financial aid to these countries. It is proved that the reasons of the conflict of Saudi Arabia with Iran were of economic, geopolitical and religious nature, and that Saudi Arabia aspired to strengthen its positions in the Middle East and East Africa. A great breakthrough was acquisition of two islands in the Red Sea from Egypt by Riyadh.

Key words: Saud Arabia, Iran, petrol, foreign policy, Islam, regional safety, conflict.

Citation. Kryuсhkov I.V. The Foreign Policy of Saudi Arabia in the Near East at the Beginning of the 21st Century. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija 4, Istorija. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2017, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 142-149. (in Russian). DOI:

Лицензия Creative Commons

The Foreign Policy of Saudi Arabia in the Near East at the Beginning of the 21st Century by Kryuсhkov I.V. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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