KOROBKOVA E.A. Formation of Burial Mounds of the Sarmatian Time in the Basin of the Esaulovsky Aksai River

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2017.3.3

Elena A. Korobkova

Assistant Professor,

Department of Archaeology, Foreign History and Tourism, Volgograd State University,

Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation

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http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9742-8000


Abstract. The article deals with the features of the formation of the burial mounds in the basin of the Esaulovsky Aksai river in the Sarmatian period. Most of the burial mounds of the region begin to form in the Bronze Age and continue to function throughout the early, middle and early late-Sarmatian periods. Most of the burial mounds were located on the watersheds and above-flood terraces of different levels. All of them are characterized by same principles of planning, barrows in them are stretched in a chain in the natural form of the terrace on which the burial mound was built. The territories developed already in the Bronze Age were chosen for creating mounds in the early Sarmatian period. The main part of them is concentrated on a small section landplot of the middle course of the Esaulovsky Aksai river. During the Middle Sarmatian period, the main part of barrows were also located in the middle course of the Esaulovsky Aksai, but represented 2 plots. One of these plots continues to use large burial mounds of the previous period, and the other one undergoes the creation of small barrow groups consisting usually of two-three barrows containing the richest burials of the region with the “classical” set of Middle Sarmatian features. In the late Sarmatian period, as well as in the previous stages of the Sarmatian culture, the burial mounds of the middle course of the Esaulovsky Aksai continue to be used, which cease to function no later than at the first half of the 3rd century AD. But the territory of actively used burial mounds changes, and the main complexes of that time concentrate in the upper reaches, where new burial mounds are created and continue to function until the end of the Sarmatian era.

Key words: archaeological monument, burial mound, Early Sarmatian culture, Middle Sarmatian culture, Late Sarmatian culture, Esaulovsky Aksai.

Citation. Korobkova E.A. Formation of Burial Mounds of the Sarmatian Time in the Basin of the Esaulovsky Aksai River. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija 4, Istorija. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2017, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 36-41. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2017.3.3.

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Formation of Burial Mounds of the Sarmatian Time in the Basin of the Esaulovsky Aksai River by Korobkova E.A. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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