KASAHARA KOTA. Attitude of the Сivilian Population of the Soviet Far East and Manchukuo to the Battles Near Hassan Lake

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2017.2.13

Kota Kasahara

Postgraduate Student,

Saint Petersburg State University,

Universitetskaya Emb., 7-9, 199034 Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation

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Abstract. This article makes a study of the actions of different groups of civilians during the Battle of Khasan Lake. The research was carried out on the basis of the data from the Archive of Primorsky Krai and National Institute for Defense Studies of Ministry of Defense (Japan). This article analyses the difference in the attitude and involvement of the civilians and armies of both Japan and the USSR. The citizens of the Soviet Union provided tremendous assistance to the Red Army. In particular, collective farmers, workers, women helped to carry ammunition, provided care, supplied the Red Army with food. The ethnic Koreans, the Manchus, the Japanese, the white emigrants from Russia formed a multi-national state in Manchukuo on the Japanese territories. None of them strived to help Japanese army except white emigrants. However, the others supported the Japanese only in words but not in deeds, for example, the ethnic Koreans escaped from a place of hostilities. The behaviour of the civilians of the USSR and Manchukuo makes it clear that in the eyes of the inhabitants of the Russian Far East this conflict was perceived as a Patriotic War, whereas the civilian population of the Japanese territories did not feel involvement in this conflict. The difference in perception and action of civilians in the Japanese territories and the USSR is studied in this article.

Key words: Khasan lake, Soviet citizens, Koreans, Manchukuo, white emigrants, Japanese army, Far East. 

Citation. Kasahara Kota. Attitude of the civilian population of the Soviet Far East and Manchukuo to the battles near Hassan lake. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija 4, Istorija. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2017, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 127-136. (in Russian).

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Attitude of the Сivilian Population of the Soviet Far East and Manchukuo to the Battles Near Hassan Lake by Kasahara Kota is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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