KAZDAGHLI N. Russian-Tunisian Relations at the Initial Stage: Catherine the Great’s Era in Russia and Hamuda Pasha in Tunisia

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2017.2.12

Nejmeddine Kazdaghli

Candidate of Sciences (History), Assistant Professor,

Department of History and Russian Culture, Higher Institute of Tunisian Languages (University Tunis Carthage),

Tunis, Republic of Tunisia; African Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, Spiridonovka St., 30/1, 123001 Moscow, Russian Federation

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Abstract. The article is devoted to history of the first contacts between the Russian Empire and Regency of Tunisia at the end of the 18th century. The research is based on works of the Russian, Tunisian and French historians. In Russia it was Catherine the Great’s era, the empress who considerably moved apart borders of the country, expanded the international contacts of Russia, laid the foundation for development of the Russian trade including Mediterranean trade relations. The Tunisian governor Hamuda Pasha also sought for development of international relations and the statement of the authority of the country. Although between Russia and Tunisia at this early stage had not yet been an official contractual relationship, but through the activities of freelance Consulate between the countries established trade, began political and cultural contacts. A special role in the development of Russian-Tunisian relations belongs to the family of the Dutch consuls Nyssens, which became a freelance Russian consuls in Tunis. The article analyzes the causes of weakness of trade relations between Russia and Tunisia, the slow development of political contacts. Special attention is paid to the problem of Mediterranean piracy, in which the main role played the corsairs of Tunis and Algeria. The distance of countries from each other, the difference of scale, cultures and political aspirations did not prevent them to do in the end of the 18th century the first steps towards each other, to establish friendly relations.

Key words: Russia, Tunisia, Catherine the Great, Mediterranean trade, consular relations, piracy, the Russian- Tunisian relations.

Citation. Kazdaghli N. Russian-Tunisian relations at the initial stage: Catherine the Great’s era in Russia and Hamuda pasha in Tunisia. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija 4, Istorija. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2017, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 119-126. (in Russian).

Лицензия Creative Commons

Russian-Tunisian Relations at the Initial Stage: Catherine the Great’s Era in Russia and Hamuda Pasha in Tunisia by Kazdaghli N. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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