KULAGIN O.I. The Problems of Functioning of the Institute of Social and Professional Adaptation of Timber Industry Workers of Karelia (1945-1955)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2017.2.11

Oleg I. Kulagin

Candidate of Sciences (History), Associate Professor,

Department of History of Russia, Petrozavodsk State University,

Prosp. Lenina, 33, 185910 Petrozavodsk, Russian Federation

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Abstract. The article analyzes the basic indicators of efficiency of the institute of socio-professional adaptation of workers of timber industry complex of Karelia in the first postwar decade. The factors that had the greatest influence on the effective functioning of the system of social and professional relationships were revealed. These factors were classified as the presence of a comfortable production and social infrastructure, as well as the level of professional training and in-service training of personnel. Based on the analysis of the scientific literature, and input into scientific circulation of new archival sources, the author concludes that the institution of the social and professional adaptation had serious shortcomings in the process of its functioning. One of these consisted in a lag in the development of social and industrial infrastructure in comparison with the rate of logging in the country. Trying to create a public policy level of normal living conditions for workers in the timber industry has transformed in creation of temporary housing for the workers, which became the basis of the residential fund industry for many decades. As a result, one could not talk about the social adaptation of the workers in terms of creating conditions for their leisure in the period under review. At the same time, despite the creation of an extensive network of professional schools and colleges for a complete term of professional adaptation of workers in timber enterprises had not been established. By the early 1950s, due to major changes in the technical equipment of the logging companies, contradictions started to emerge between the low qualification level of training of workers and industry mechanization.

Key words: institute of social and professional adaptation, timber industry, Karelia, industrial and social infrastructure, system of vocational training and advanced training.

Citation. Kulagin O.I. The problems of functioning of the institute of social and professional adaptation of timber industry workers of Karelia (1945-1955). Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija 4, Istorija. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2017, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 109-118. (in Russian).

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The Problems of Functioning of the Institute of Social and Professional Adaptation of Timber Industry Workers of Karelia (1945-1955) by Kulagin O.I. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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