BUBLICHENKO V.N. Documents of the Komi Republic National Archive on the Solution of the Problem of Children’s Homelessness and Neglect in the Second Half of the 1920s

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2017.2.9

Vladimir N. Bublichenko

Candidate of Sciences (History), Associate Professor,

Department of History and Culture, Ukhta State Technical University,

Pervomayskaya St., 13, 169300 Ukhta, Republic of Komi, Russian Federation

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Abstract. The article characterizes the status of the source base which describe the activities of children homelessness and neglect’s eradication in the territory of the Komi Autonomous region in the 1920s. The base is considered in the context of the state policy that was held in regard to unsocial young people in that period.

The article presents the original documents of the National archives of the Komi Republic about the regional Department of Education’s work connected with children homelessness and neglect’s eradication in the Komi region. The most important documents are the state authorities’ ordinances and decrees that contain requirement standards how to treat those adolescents who were deprived of family upbringing. The other part of the archival documents includes a list of the factors that produced abandonment and neglect of children in the Komi region; the number of the category of adolescents is given; the public institutions and their activities of dealing with unsocial young people in the region in the 1920s are also described. 

As follows from the analysis of the archival documents, those punitive and pedagogical actions and activities that were held to eradicate street homelessness and neglect in the early 1920s were effectively positive. It should be noted that the achievements in this field of activity are related to close coordination and interaction between the public authorities, trade unions and social organizations and the Young Communist League.

Key words: Komi autonomous region, homelessness, neglect, children’s institutions, pedology, labour school.

Citation. Bublichenko V.N. Documents of the Komi Republic national archive on the solution of the problem of children’s homelessness and neglect in the second half of the 1920s. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija 4, Istorija. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2017, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 87-97. (in Russian).

Лицензия Creative Commons

Documents of the Komi Republic National Archive on the Solution of the Problem of Children’s Homelessness and Neglect in the Second Half of the 1920s by Bublichenko V.N. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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