BALABANOVA M.A., MARCHENKO I.I., LIMBERIS N.Yu. About One of Burials of Novotitorovka Culture From the Territory of Kuban

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2017.1.2

Mariya A. Balabanova

Doctor of Sciences (History), Head of Department of Archaeology, Foreign History and Tourism,

Volgograd State University,

Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation,

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http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1565-474X

Ivan I. Marchenko

Candidate of Sciences (History), Professor,

Department of Archaeology, Ethnology, Ancient and Medieval History, Kuban State University,

Stavropolskaya St., 149, 350040 Krasnodar, Russian Federation

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http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7319-5214

Natalya Yu. Limberis

Senior Researcher,

Scientific Research Institute of Archaeology, Kuban State University,

Stavropolskaya St., 149, 350040 Krasnodar, Russian Federation,

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http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0395-315X


Abstract. The article is devoted to the burial complex and the skull of the Novotitorovka culture from burial no. 35 of the Ovalny burial mound, Kalininsky district of the Krasnodar region. The burial itself was non-inventory, but it was synchronous with burial no. 26. Both burials were excavated from the level of the ancient surface and covered by the same barrow.

The bones from the studied burial belonged to a young man, who died at the age of 20-25. His craniological type is characterized by meso-dolichocrania, ellipsoidal vertical norm, the average width of forehead, wide and low face, orthognathy-like in a vertical plane and slightly profiled at the level of low eye sockets. The face is also characterized by narrow and sharply protruding nasal bones.

The article also deals with the possible relationship between the tribes of the Novotitorovka culture and the Azov-Black Sea sites of Catacomb culture. This conclusion is based on the results of intergroup comparison by the method of canonical analysis. The studied skull of the Novotitorovka culture has a morphological complex that characterizes the groups of burials of the Catacomb culture localized on the terraces of the Ingul river and on the terraces of the Don river left bank. This conclusion calls into question the archaeologists’ hypothesis on the connection of the the Novotitorovka culture with the tribes of the Novosvobodnenskaya culture and the Maykop culture.

Key words: Novotitorovka culture, burial, craniological type, stratigraphy of burial mound, sharply protruding nose.

Лицензия Creative Commons

About One of Burials of Novotitorovka Culture From the Territory of Kuban by Balabanova M.A., Marchenko I.I., Limberis N.Yu. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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