MOKHOV A.S. Byzantine Theme of Chios

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2016.5.8

Anton S. Mokhov

Doctor of Sciences (History), Professor, Department of Ancient and Medieval History,

Ural Federal University

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Mira St., 19, 620002 Ekaterinburg, Russian Federation


Abstract. The article is devoted to the study of the Byzantine theme system in the 10th - 11th centuries. The author believes that the reign of Basil II (976-1025) was marked by the mikra themata in Balkans and on Aegean Sea islands. They were in need of effective border defense. Theme of Chios was one of the mikra militaryadministrative districts, which were created in this period. The author detected five leaders of the theme in accordance with the historical sources: protospatharios and strategos Theodoros Beriboes; protospatharios, tagmatophylax and strategos Leon Karikes; protospatharios, tagmatophylax and strategos Bardas Mersiniotes; vestarches and strategos Ioannes Aristenos; vestes and strategos Michael Maurikas. The analysis of the sigillographic data led to the conclusion that the regular tagmata were the base of the military force of theme of Chios. Moreover, the fortress of Volissos was located in the northwest of Chios. The area around the fortress was inhabited by representatives of one ethnic group. They were under the leadership of doux, which was subordinate to the strategos of the theme. The famous officials of the civil administration of Chios included fiscal clerks – dioiketes, horreiarios and judicial clerks – krites of the velon. Theme of Chios had existed for about one hundred years. It was liquidated during the war between Byzantine and Tzachas, Turkish amir of Smyrna.

Key words: Byzantium, Byzantine army, Basil II, Chios, military reform, mikra themata, sigillography.

Лицензия Creative Commons

Byzantine Theme of Chios by Mokhov A.S. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

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