PARFENOV A.E. Economic Development of Sarepta District of the Tsaritsyn County at the Turn of the 19th-20th Centuries


Aleksandr E. Parfenov

Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Head of Department of History and Ethnography,

Historical, Ethnographic, and Architectural Museum-Reserve “Old Sarepta”

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Izobilnaya St., 10, 400026 Volgograd, Russian Federation

Abstract. The article shows the process of the industrial development of Sarepta district (now the southern part of Volgograd) at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. By the end of the 19th century the Sarepta district comprised 17 production entities. The majority of them were small workshops that manufactured various household goods and had from 5 to 10 workers. Besides, Sarepta had a larger industrial enterprise – the Mustard Factory of the Glitsch – which was known throughout Russia for the high quality of its produce. Agriculture played a minor role in Sarepta district. The population of Sarepta district amounted to about 1800 people in 1894. It comprised landowners, small industrialists, and their hired workers. The late 19th and early 20th centuries saw a rapid industrial development of the area. The first stage of the process was the building of the Tsaritsyn- Tikhoretskaya railway line. It connected the Kuban wheat-growing region with central areas of Russia. A 13-kilometres long section of the railway line passed through Sarepta district. Near Sarepta a station, a locomotive depot, and repair workshops were built in 1895-98. In 1901 the railway line and station were supplemented with a large cargo port on the Volga near Sarepta. The creation of the large transport hub sharply raised the economic significance of Sarepta district. Social and demographic characteristics of the area also changed dramatically. Due to the inflow of workers to the station and port, the district population nearly doubled and the ratio of proletariat raised sharply.

Key words: Sarepta district, industrial development, railway line, port, population growth, proletariat.

Лицензия Creative Commons 

Economic Development of Sarepta District of the Tsaritsyn County at the Turn of the 19th-20th Centuries by Parfenov A.E. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. 

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