KUZNETSOVA N.V. The Development of the State Labour Reserve System in the Lower Volga Region in Postwar Period (1945-1952)

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2016.1.13

Nadezhda Vasilyevna Kuznetsova

Doctor of Sciences (History), Professor, Department of Russian History,

Volgograd State University

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Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation


Abstract. Two stages are revealed in the development of state labour reserves. The first period lasted from 1945 to 1948, and the second period – from 1949 to 1952. The distinctions of these two stages were determined. The author analyzes the dynamics of quantity and the structure of institutions in the system of state labour reserves in the Astrakhan, Saratov and Stalingrad regions in postwar years. The social and economical factors that had influence on this system were identified. The characters of principal patterns of SSLR’s education institutions is provided, the common lines and singularities, significance changes were denoted. The share of young ones from the childish houses into the industrial, handicraft and railways schools in Low Volga River is exposed. The criteria of entering into the education institutions were determined. The interaction of SSLR with children houses was exhibited. The author highlights the status of stuff basis of SSLR in postwar years: shortage of educational buildings and student’s homes, equipment’s deficiency in industrial workshops and textbooks. The positive changes in staff-technical guarantee of educational institutions to the end of learning period are opening; their causes were analyzed. The author reveals the alterations in staff structure of SSLR and calculates the number of preparing workmen from factory and plant instruct schools; industrial, handicraft and railways schools for enterprises of the Lower Volga region in the fourth five-year plan. The article marks the significance of SSLR in the solution of economic and social problems in postwar society. The author distinguishes the common and the individual in the development of SSLR in the Lower Volga region and in Russia on whole.

Key words: industrial enterprises, qualified workmen, system of state labour reserves, training schools of factories and plants, handicraft and railway colleges.

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The Development of the State Labour Reserve System in the Lower Volga Region in Postwar Period (1945-1952) by Kuznetsova N.V. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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