GOMANENKO O.A., BULATOV V.V. To the History of Financial and Economic Activity of the Volga River Transport During the NEP and the First Five-Year Period

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2016.1.9

Olesya Aleksandrovna Gomanenko

Candidate of Sciences (History), Associate Professor, Department of Social Work and Pedagogy,

Volgograd State University

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. , This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation

Vladimir Viktorovich Bulatov

Doctor of Sciences (History), Deputy Chief of the Research Work Department,

Centre for the Recent History Documentation of the Volgograd Region

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Dymchenko St., 16, 400005 Volgograd, Russian Federation


Abstract. The Volga transport for 10 years (1923-1934) was influenced by all those changes which happened in the national economy of the country during the periods of the New Economic Policy and its transition to the forced industrialization. Since 1923 attempts of its delivery to concession in connection with the project of creation of the Volga-Don-Azov Sea hydraulic engineering constructions by means of the Western firms and banks took place. In 1929 those attempts ended without any results. Most likely, threat of outflow from the USSR of scarce currency in the form of profits of concessionaires was the main cause. That threat moved promises of foreign firms to significantly modernize and expand the Volga transport with all its coastal infrastructure, and also to promote creation of “new freights” in a zone of operations of the Volga fleet.

Up to its reorganization in 1934 the Volga fleet constantly experienced the financial and technical difficulties caused by wear of watercrafts, low tariffs for a cargo transportation, etc. However, these low tariffs allowed the large new enterprises and constructions of the first five-year plans period to reduce their transport expenses. It favorably affected the process of industrialization of the Volga region and other ones. Losses on freight transportation were offset by the Volga water transport due to passenger traffic by increasing the high efficiency of passenger capacity of ships, an intensification of a passenger traffic and increase of a passenger tariff.

Key words: Volga water transport, New Economic Policy, concession, industrialization, productivity, profitability, passenger and cargo transportation.

Лицензия Creative Commons

To the History of Financial and Economic Activity of the Volga River Transport During the NEP and the First Five-Year Period by Gomanenko O.A., Bulatov V.V. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Attachments:
Download this file (4_Gomanenko_Bulatov.pmd.pdf) 4_Gomanenko_Bulatov.pmd.pdf
URL: https://hfrir.jvolsu.com/index.php/en/component/attachments/download/1097
779 Downloads