PONEDELKOV A.V. On the Perception of National Security Issues at Regional Level

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2015.6.12

Aleksandr Vasilyevich Ponedelkov

Doctor of Sciences (Politics), Professor, Head of Department of Political Science and Ethnic Policy,

South-Russian Institute of Management – Branch of Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration;

Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation

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Pushkinskaya St., 70, 344002 Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation

Abstract. The article explores the issue on the perception of the concept “national security” areas, models and methods of its maintenance by the population. The author uses materials of the sociological survey conducted by the Laboratory of problems of increasing the efficiency of state and municipal management of the South-Russian Institute of Management – branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration. The survey was carried out with the participation of leading experts in various aspects of national security, representing 27 Russian higher educational institutions and research centers in Moscow, Astrakhan, Barnaul, Belgorod, Dushanbe, Krasnodar, Nizhny Novgorod, Omsk, Pyatigorsk, Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Syktyvkar, Sochi, Ufa. 

It is noted that as a priority political governance model that implements the basic concept of national security, respondents identified a democratic model. 

Most respondents believe that a unified security model in the Russian regions is ineffective, and such model should be developed taking into account the specificity of each subject.

The study showed that the public’s attention to the issue of national security is not sustainable, as determined by situational factors.

It is proved that the motives of anxiety formed in the Russian public mind are not sustainable, and situational.

Respondents see the economic cooperation more effective incentive to maintain national interests than by force.

Estimation of the population of the priority issues of security shows that most respondents appreciate the organization of work to ensure the safety and anti-terrorism security in the sphere of national relations.

The findings give grounds to assert that the focus of public attention to the problem of national security does not yet occupy the leading positions. To a greater extent, respondents focused on the issues of public safety, reducing threats and risks in their daily lives.

Apparently, despite the external and internal attempts by certain forces to escalate the symptoms of military threats, economic and political instability, the state authorities have managed to maintain a stable situation on the ground and to instill confidence in the stability of the government itself.

However, assessments of respondents showing pain points (as discussed above), on which the regional and federal authorities and the public should focus their attention.

This should avoid focusing on minor topics objects, eliminate switching public attention on themes and subjects that do not require a real public outcry and do not carry the real threats to the individual, society and state.

Thus, the problem of improving the state policy in the sphere of security exists objectively, and its resolution should be ensured not only by the professional power sector, deputies and representatives of the executive power, but also qualified experts from civil society and scientific environment.

Key words: security, external and internal threats, act of terrorism, Islamic radicalism, reasons of anxiety, directions of security.

Лицензия Creative Commons

On the Perception of National Security Issues at Regional Level by Ponedelkov A.V. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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