TARASOV I.N. Right Radicalism and the Factors of Xenophobic Social Practices in Hungary

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2015.6.6

Ilya Nikolaevich Tarasov

Doctor of Sciences (Politics), Professor, Head of Department of Politics, Social Technologies and Mass Communication,

Baltic Federal University named after I. Kant

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Chernyshevskogo St., 56, 236022, Kaliningrad, Russian Federation

Abstract. In Hungary, during 2010-2015 the growing xenophobic attitudes are noticed in the society, and right radical extremist groups gain power. The aim of the article is to identify the most significant factors that encourage xenophobia in Hungary. The types of right organizations and their electoral performance are determined. Our hypothesis is that the activity of right extremist organizations influences the formation of xenophobic social practices in Hungary. By means of factor analysis the author identified the main directions and forms of activity of right radicals, determined the value of socio-economic dynamics of Hungary, characterized the attitudes of society, the law and the ruling elite to the problems of xenophobia and right radicalism. Among the most influential factors we should name: open propaganda of nationalist ideas; constitutional priority to the interests of ethnic Hungarians; parliamentary membership of the Movement “For a Better Hungary”; condoning by the ruling elite, the courts and the police of the right radical activity.

The paper presents the trend in the contemporary Hungary: the public demonstrates intolerance to right radicalism in cases of criminal behavior, but for the most part is loyal to its ideologies. Except for oppositional human rights organizations and ethnic communities, a significant part of Hungarian society often shows nearly complete indifference to the issues of xenophobia, racial and ethnic discrimination.

The author described five groups of factors that stimulate the reproduction of xenophobic attitudes and practices among various groups of the population: “historical”, institutional, socioeconomic, legal and political.

The paper uses empirical data of public opinion polls conducted by leading research centers in Hungary, as well as statistical data of public authorities, civil society institutions.

Key words: Hungary, social practices, xenophobia, right radicalism, extremism, factor analysis.

Лицензия Creative Commons

Right Radicalism and the Factors of Xenophobic Social Practices in Hungary by Tarasov I.N. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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